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- Health and Community Care chickenpox and asthma

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Unit 5 - Health and Community Care Chickenpox is caused by a virus this is called the Herpes Zoster virus, the medical term for chickenpox is 'varicella'. Children at most stage of their childhood catch this mild disease, in winter and spring the virus usually affects lots of children about once a year this is called an 'epidemic'. Chickenpox is most common between the ages of two - eights years old children. The www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk stated that "Babies who catch chickenpox within a few days of birth have around a 20% of dying from the infection." Chickenpox spreads in tiny droplets of saliva and nasal mucus within the infected person. The rash appears about two days after the person has been infected and takes around 10-21 for the symptoms to show after they have come in to contact with it. This part of the infection is called the 'incubation period.' The rash is made up from lots of red blisters which burst then scab over. The people infected are infectious until the last blister has burst and scabbed over this normally takes up to 5-7 days. After having chickenpox the virus stays in the body and kept under control by the immune system it remains 'dormant.' Later in life it is able to come back causing shingles. ...read more.


The early years practitioner may also talk about chickenpox and how the child felt. So emotional and socially the child and even family may feel anxiety about returning. Parents could start to feel tired and withdrawn while they child is going though the chickenpox virus as they is disturbed sleep or lack of sleep, the child may not be eating which can cause parents to become distressed. Asthma affects the airways, the small tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. Asthma is when the airways are sensitive and easily become swollen. When they are irritated they narrow, the muscles around them tighten, and there may be an increase in production of sticky mucus or phlegm. This makes it harder to get enough breath, and causes wheezing, coughing and your chest may feel tight. Asthma may be very mild, or it can be very severe. Most cases are somewhere in between. Even if your asthma is mild an asthma attack can become very serious, if you can't control the symptoms with your treatment. The cause of asthma is not fully understood. It is partly an allergic condition. There is also a genetic connection between asthma, hay fever and eczema. This suggests that these three conditions can be inherited. ...read more.


The childcare worker should find information on this subject not only for themselves, families but for the children as they can learn not to discriminate children if they cannot do something. The difference between chickenpox and asthma is that asthma is a chronic condition which means once children or adults get this then the chances are that they will have it for the rest of their lives in exception children have been known to grow out of the disease in most cases the milder it is the more likely its to be grown out off. Asthma is a breathing problem and can be brought on by many different things; where as chickenpox in children are infectious and once children have had the virus called Herpes Zoster virus it is very unlikely for children to get it again until adulthood when it is called shingles. When children have chickenpox it's uncomfortable and itches as it scabs on the skin. The chronic condition 'asthma' is more life threatening in young children and can be futile if an attack is not controlled. Overall chickenpox is a virus and once a child has had it then its likely not to come back it usually is infectious up till 5-7 days after it has be recognised, when the blisters have scabbed over. Asthma can not be caught and is not infectious to other although it is thought to be inherited from parents and can be trigged by certain smells, tastes and weathers. ...read more.

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