• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Health and social care - Bonding and attachment - Why are attachment and bonding felt to be important developmental processes?

Extracts from this document...


Sarah Harland Health and social care Bonding and attachment Why are attachment and bonding felt to be important developmental processes? Attachment and bonding are felt to be important developmental processes because bonding and attachment are both stages of human development, which are essential to a child's stable development as they grow. Babies bond in many different ways, mainly through touch and smell. Bonding is the sense of connection between parents/main carer and the infant. Bonding is the basic link of trust between an infant and it's main carer, which is usually the mother. Successful bonding results in an infant developing basic trust in others. ...read more.


* Gentle kissing or stroking of an infants cheeks, shoulders, hands and fingers will help to improve an infant's emotional development and improve their sensory awareness. * Talking and singing to an infant will help to strengthen the bond between the infant and the main carer whilst the infant's language is improving. * Playing with an infant with toys will help an infant to develop more advanced social skills. Without bonding and attachment an infant may have delayed development or could be diagnosed with an attachment disorder. Attachment at different ages. In the first month of life infants experience themselves as one with the surrounding environment. The basic development task is for an infant to achieve a physiological balance and rhythm. ...read more.


Without an attachment there are no strangers, everyone is of equal emotional importance or unimportance. When there are strangers around an infant checks in with the main carer for reassurance. Over the next 2 or 3 months stranger anxiety intensifies before fading into separation anxiety. Separation anxiety usually begins at 9 to 10 months and peaks between 12 and 15 months. Separation anxiety can last until somewhere between 24 and 36 months. Separation anxiety emerges from an infants growing awareness of being apart from their main carer. Infants react differently to separation. Some infants cry in protest and cling to the main carer, while others withdraw from the world until the main carer returns, some infants also protest by becoming angry and aggressive. These reactions prove that attachment has taken place. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Attachment and Bonding

    ( www.psychology.about.com accessed 20/1/07) It is believed that attachment develops through various stages as a child develops, there are four stages and the first stage is referred to as 'pre-attachment'. This stage happens between the ages of 0-2months, during this stage a baby will enjoy social interaction it will be able to recognise and

  2. Attachment and Separation.

    A child's journey through placement. Indianapolis, IN: Perspectives Press. Hess, P. (1982). Parent-child attachment concept: Crucial for permanency planning. Social Casework, 63(1), 46-57. Wasserman, S. & Rosenfeld, A. (1986). Decision-making in child abuse and neglect. Child Welfare, 65(6), 515-529. (c) 1997 Jordan Institute for Families 1. Infants' cognitive limitations greatly increase their experience of stress.

  1. Reactive Attachment Disorder

    Infants are vulnerable and incapable of fending for themselves. Thus, the attachment process is designed to ensure the survival of the infant and, in turn, the species (Haugaard & Hazan, 2004). Given that an infant is well loved and its biological needs are reliably met, the child will learn to trust and feel secure with his caregiver, and a healthy attachment will be made (Wilson, 2001).

  2. Description and Evaluation of the St. Andrew Parish Church Care Centre.

    Also the boys are scattered all over the corporate area hustling to get money. The significance of the Study This study is significant because of the increasing number of street corner children. It seems to suggest that the social conditions and family life of Jamaica are deteriorating.

  1. It has been established that human social development depends in a fundamental way on ...

    It was Bowlby's belief that these behaviours aided that attachment process through the stimulus of a smile for example initiating the response e.g. cuddle from their mother. Further stimuli would enhance and strengthen this bond. Bowlby (1951) put forward as a consequence that "motherlove in infancy is as important for

  2. Communication in health and social care

    During this task, the child would stop whenever he wasn't sure about what he is doing is right or wanted some help. I was standing next to the child the whole way through the task. I kept an eye on what he was doing was also right.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work