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Homosexuality has become a large issue in our lives today - But is it Nature or Nurture?

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Hannah Williams Homosexuality, Nature or Nurture? Homosexuality has become a large issue in our lives today. Gay Rights activists have been making their voices heard; this has attracted the attention of the population making them take notice of their cause. The church has not been able to get away from the powerful political and social pressure of homosexuality. Some churches have accepted homosexuality but many still do not accept homosexuals, saying it is unnatural and not what 'god' intended of man. The church claims that what ever decision has been made, it has been done so on the basis of Christian moral principles. The Old Testament clearly forbids homosexual practices and in Leviticus 20:13 it reads: "If there is a man who lies with a male as those who lie with a woman, both of them have committed a detestable act; they shall surely be put to death." (Pyne, 1992, http://www.probe.org/docs/homosex1.html) To address the issue of whether homosexuality derives from biological determinism (nature) or from the influences experienced from the environment around them (nurture), in 1973 the APA (American psychiatric Association) through much pressure from the Gay Rights Activists, classified homosexuality under the heading of sexual orientation disturbance. Sexual orientation refers to an individual's sexual attraction towards persons of a particular gender. Heterosexuals show this attraction to members of the opposite sex, homosexuals show it to members who are the same sex. ...read more.


twins were likewise homosexual 11% of adoptive brothers of homosexual men were likewise homosexual. (Blum, 1997) Bailey and Pillard attributed these differences to the different amount of genetic material shared. Since identical twins share the same genetic code, they are more likely to share sexual orientation than fraternal twins, in the same way it is obvious that fraternal twin shave more in common genetically than do their adoptive siblings. This study has been understood as a demonstration that homosexuality is genetic, although according to DR Pyne, 1992 there are many criticisms of there work and the results obtained. Apparently the reports did not mention that only 9% of non twin brothers of homosexuals were homosexuals. Fraternal twins share no more genetic information than that of non twins, yet they are more likely to share sexual orientation. That is a question that remains to be answered. (DR Pyne, 1992) Nurture Arguments There are many aspects to this debate and indeed of the nurture argument, the cultural environment is one of many parts that can contribute to homosexuality. This is the view that all sexual conduct is determined by society. Tradition, political factors and religious beliefs lay a framework for acceptable behaviour, which to the average person eventually feels natural. Saunders and Pickering, 1997 suggest that the diversity of sexual behaviour across cultures and history provide evidence for this view. ...read more.


The report found that 74% of gays admitted to having been sexually aroused by a female and 80% of lesbians said that they had been aroused by a male; 19% of the gays and 38% of lesbians had been heterosexually married. (Cameron, 04/2002) With these results, it surely argues that homosexuality is not genetic. The Family Research Centre (FRI) conducted a nationwide survey of 4,340 adults, from 5 US cities in 1983 and found that the results were similar to Kinsley's. They report that 85% of lesbians and 54% of gays, as adults, had sexual relations with someone of the opposite sex. The ability to change explains the FRI findings that Overall, 7.8% of women and 12% of men claimed to have been homosexually aroused at some point in their life, yet, 59% of the once homosexually aroused women and 51% of the once homosexually aroused men were currently heterosexual. (Cameron, 04/2002) Is homosexuality is genetic or not? This question will be under investigation for years to come. There seems to be no concrete evidence on either side, all findings can be criticised, and will continue to be until the problem is solved. Many associations will be waiting for an answer for instance Christianity and Gay Rights advocates, waiting for an answer that may not ever come. Pyne, 1992, suggests that an eclectic approach should be taken: "This is to say that people become homosexual (or heterosexual) through complex processes that involve biological, environmental, and volitional factors..... Whatever influences may contribute to one's homosexual action-personal responsibility remains absolutely critical." (Pyne, 1992, http://www.probe.org/docs/homosex1. ...read more.

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