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How can upbringing in a disrupted family explain criminal behaviour?

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Introduction

´╗┐How can upbringing in a disrupted family explain criminal behaviour.? 10 marks Upbringing involves the influence of family, friends, teachers and general life experiences; such as where a person has been brought up. It considers the reasons for explaining differences in delinquency rates between individuals, for example it?s a fact there are differences in crime rates between cities but even in criminal ?hotspots? not all young men will commit criminal acts. The study by Farrington and Juby (2001) investigates the influence of the family on the tendency to become involved in crime, specifically to look at whether delinquency was more common amongst boys from permanently disrupted families compared to intact families. ...read more.

Middle

The longitudinal study began in 1961 and 411 south-London males aged 8-9 years participated, all where white working class and came from 6 state primary schools. The researchers conducted psychometric tests such as IQ, attainment, personality and psychomotor impulsivity. The boys were also interviewed between the ages of 8 -48 , they were questioned on living circumstances, employment and drinking and drugs. Other people interviewed include the mother/fathers, friends and teachers. In addition to both the qualitative and quantitative data collected, secondary data was collected in the form of criminal records. ...read more.

Conclusion

risk factors for later offending measures were of family criminality, daring personality, low school attainment, poverty and poor parenting. In conclusion Juby and Farrington conclude that some kinds of disrupted families (where the boy doesn?t remain with the mother) are criminogenic and will produce children more likely to commit delinquency. However, they also state that some kinds of intact families ( those with high conflict ) are just as criminogenic and can lead to intergenerational transmission of offending. Thus, they state it is not the disruption itself which leads to delinquency but rather the pattern of pre- and post- disruption events that can result in high levels of delinquency. ...read more.

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