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how children in different parts of the world travel to school

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GCSE Maths Coursework- HANDLING DATA- July 2004 Introduction In this investigation I will examine how children in different parts of the world travel to school and how easily accessible their schools are. Accessibility will be determined by time taken to travel to school and distance covered. In order to establish a link between time taken and distance covered and how it relates to accessibility, there are a number of factors I need to take into consideration. These are examined more closely in my hypothesis. The two parts of the world I have chosen to examine are England and South Africa. I will make a prediction comparing these two countries after setting out my hypothesis. Hypothesis I am trying to find out whether it is easier for children in England to get to school than children in South Africa. In other words, I am determining accessibility for both regions. To do this clearly and precisely, I have decided on three initial methods in order to obtain my evidence. 1. Time Taken 2. Distance Travelled 3. Method Used I am to find out if children in England take less time to get to school by travelling a shorter distance, over a shorter length of time using various forms of modern transport which are currently not as readily available in many parts of South Africa. This is because England is on the whole more developed and westernized than South Africa. I have used 3 points in my hypothesis which all relate back to easier accessibility. These are: 1. More people in South Africa walk to school than in England. 2. People in South Africa take longer to get to school than in England (This point also relates to point 1 because walking to school generally takes longer than using any other mode of transport. Therefore, if I find evidence to support Point 1, then Point 2 could well be supported too.) ...read more.

Middle

I originally stated that children in England take less time to get to school because they have to cover a shorter distance. However, the above results support the theory that it is in fact children in England who have a greater distance to cover in their journey to school. My reason for this was that there was a wider selection of available schools in England and children were able to choose the one closest to them to attend. In South Africa, it was thought that schools would be fewer and more spread out. However, this appears to not be the case because the range of distances travelled, certainly the greater distances are of a higher proportion in England. To further this investigation (because it does not prove my hypothesis) I will investigate time taken to get to school. It is possible that because England is more advanced in terms of transport, then schools are still more easily accessible than those in South Africa. In this case, further work is needed to prove my hypothesis point 2. Range of Distances Travelled in England= 30km South Africa = 5km This shows that children in South Africa should live nearer their schools, thus taking less time to get there which is my next point. Modal distance travelled in England= Less than 1km South Africa= Less than 1km This shows that in both countries, schools are easily accessible for the majority of pupils. This does not prove my hypothesis because I stated that South African schools would have lower accessibility rates, due to their being few of them. My hypothesis is not proved because a) the range of distances travelled in SA is less than England and b) in both countries, the same percentage of pupils travel the minimum distance in order to get to school. Travel Time Tally Chart to Show Different Travel Times by English School-children (in minutes) ...read more.

Conclusion

I am pleased with these results and how I have displayed them because they are easy to read and support my hypothesis well. Is my hypothesis true? From collecting my data, I can see that although some parts of my hypothesis have been clearly proved, others are less clear. The first point I made (1. More people in South Africa walk to school than in England) has sufficient evidence to back it up but in order to prove my hypothesis, I think more investigation is needed. When I am working with my sample of 100, I think it will be a lot clearer to which extent my hypothesis has been proven. So far it has only been proved that the majority of children in South Africa walk to school. However, when compared to England, the evidence is weaker than I would have expected. Using 100 people will certainly provide a greater range of evidence. My second point (People in South Africa take longer to get to school than in England) has been proved with sufficient evidence and results. This complies with my hypothesis and suggests that it is true because the average time taken in South Africa is higher than that of England. There is also a greater range of times taken in SA which suggests that more people travel to school from further destinations. However, I cannot conclude that my hypothesis is true, based only upon this evidence. If I had more time, I would use a third point to help me explore whether children in England have better and easier access to their schools. However, for the time being I can only investigate the two factors which I have worked with above. Overall, I am pleased with the way I have handled the data to make the results work in order to prove my hypothesis. Although I haven't been entirely successful all the time, I am confident that with more time and data, I can prove my hypothesis to a greater and more accurate extent ...read more.

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