• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How typical of the early nineteenth century were the living and working conditions at Styal?

Extracts from this document...


How typical of the early nineteenth century were the living And working conditions at Styal? In 1784, Samuel Greg built Quarry Bank Mill near the hamlet of Styal. Styal was out in the wilds of Cheshire therefore he had to find a workforce. So he had to form a factory colony or community to house it. From the 1780s to 1810 there were many places like Styal that required water power and for that reason they were mainly situated in the countryside. In this aspect Styal was typical. After 1810 steam power was used more commonly and so mills were built in urban areas and this also meant that factory owners did not have to build a community because there were more workers in the towns. However by 1820 Styal was no longer typical of other mills. Quarry Bank Mill, Styal Mr. T. Ashton had five factory colonies in the Hyde district and Ure inspected them in 1835. He said 'They are more richly furnished than any common home that I have ever seen before.' He saw many things including a piano, a barometer, oil paintings and sofas which showed they were well paid at Hyde. By comparison at Styal, people lived comfortably but simply and didn't earn enough for such furnishings. ...read more.


It stocked staple foods for the factory workers. The shop at Styal was run on a co-operative system so that the profits could be shared. The Greg's also enjoyed interest on the money they invested. In the 1820s the shop made an annual profit of about �150 on sales of around �1,700. In many mills, tokens were taken in place of money, this meant they could only spend the tokens in that certain shop. Sometimes the buyers would be tricked into buying poor quality food such as, sugar which was weighted with sand and dirt, Beer had salt added to increase thirst, sulphuric acid to improve flavour and tobacco for flavouring, Flour was weighted with alum, chalk or pipe clay and mild was watered down with added chalk and flour. The Apprentice House In 1790 an apprentice house was built in Styal which could house up to 100 children. By 1800 there were 90 children living in the house, 60 girls and 30 boys. This was half the work force at the mill at the time. Most of the children were aged between 10 years and 12 years and were contracted to work for a period of seven years. As the children arrived they would have signed an indenture which contracted them to work for a period of seven years. ...read more.


There was no provision for them if they were sick or for burying them. This made Styal un-typical because of the good ways in which Greg treated his workers. These were the average weekly wages: Manchester Styal 1833 Children under 13 3/9 to 4/2d 1/- to 3/- 1833-59 Reelers and winders 8/- to 9/6d 4/- to 7/- 1834-50 Carding (male adults) 13/6d to 16/- 8/- to 17/- 1834-50 Carding (female adults) 8/- 6/6d to 7/- 1838-50 Mule spinners (female) 7/6d to 10/6d 6/- to 7/- 1846-50 weavers (male and female) 10/6d to 11/- 6/6d to 8/- Robert Blincoe told of his cruel treatment as a child in the Nottinghamshire Mills and he thought cruelty would have been worse in the country because in the towns they had Justices of the Peace where complaints could be made. Andrew Ure came to the opposite conclusion. He thought that things were worse in towns, master and workers depended on each other in the country for a work force and another job. The factory colony of Quarry Bank Mill led a much better life than the people of the urban mills. So with the exception of hours worked, the conditions at Styal were not typical. However, when compared with similar mills in other factory colonies conditions were similar, or typical, or sometimes not quite as good. Sarah Chung 10M 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    The formal national curriculum starts at the beginning of the child's 5th birthday. The national curriculum, does not only cover the three core subjects, Maths English and Science, as it also covers the following: * ICT * Design and technology * History * Geography * Music * Art and Design

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    359 people responded 98% of which were girls with an average age of 15, an age which will be included in my population. They asked: What is your dream job? They found that the majority of girls want to work in entertainment with as little as one percent wanting to be a parent as a full time career.

  1. "Working conditions were terrible in 19th century Britain." Does the evidence support this view?

    Source 12 shows all the deformed children in one factory, the boy at the front has lost both his legs and others have lost a leg or an arm. The photo was taken in 1931, two years before it was made illegal for children under the age of nine to work in factories, photographic evidence like this, is very important.

  2. Do these sources, and the site at Quarry Bank Mill, fully explain what working ...

    being late to work, 5 shillings was the price for stealing an apple and 2s/6d for smashing a window at work. Fines were harsh and could leave a worker with little or no salary by the end of the week.

  1. Do These Sources And The Site At Quarry Bank Mill Fully Explain What Working ...

    On our visit to Quarry Bank Mill, we collected our own notes on the working conditions of children. Children as young as 8 years old had a sharp 5:30am start. They did 2 hours work in the morning before having breakfast.

  2. Do These Sources And The Site At Quarry Bank Mill, Fully Explain What Working ...

    This evidence is less consistent because they are not telling the whole truth about the conditions. I don't think the Government Official went to Quarry Bank Mill himself for the interview because the interview took place in London and the mill is in Cheshire this gives evident to say that

  1. 19th Century

    Five rules for servants: No boyfriends. No dishonesty (This would be tested. Sometimes the family would hide coins under the rug. If the coin wasn't returned the maid would be sacked: either for being dishonest or not cleaning properly) Wear a uniform (For the girls: A homemade cotton dress for the morning and a black wool dress with a white cap and apron for the afternoons.

  2. Is the landowner the driving force in urban redevelopment?

    Indeed, Goodchild and Munton (1985) devote a mere two pages of their volume to conceptualising the strategy of urban land-owners, and their two brief case studies of urban redevelopment in Nottingham and Tower Hamlets are descriptive rather than empirical in their approach.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work