• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

I think that Social Psychology can only explain some of why football hooliganism happens

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Outline and describe the issue you have studied in Social Approach. (12 Marks) [First Draft] Ever since football has been a sport, there has been the social problem of football Hooliganism. Football hooliganism refers to destructive behavior that is performed by football fans and is widely considered to be unruly and destructive behaviour. Actions such as fighting, vandalism and intimidation are carried out by football fans participating in football hooliganism. The behaviour is often based upon rivalry between different teams and conflict may take place before or after football matches. In this question I am going to be describing football hooliganism, explaining the theories behind it, what studies support the theories, evaluating these theories and then subsequently using alternative theories to explain how football hooliganism occurs. The key issue we studied in the social approach was football hooliganism; we looked at what it is, who gets involved, why is it such key issue in society and how can Social Psychology be used to explain why football hooliganism occurs. It is a substantially large issue society because the football hooligans believe that they?re above the law as they feel they can do it without any repercussions. ...read more.

Middle

In-group favouritism refers to the fact that under certain conditions people will preference and have affinity for one?s in-group over the out-group, or anyone viewed as outside the in-group. This can be expressed in evaluation of others, linking, allocation of resources and many other ways.people will do anything in order to boost the self esteem of themselves and the in group, by making the out group look bad, and this is achieved by either. In football this occurs when the in-group are chanting songs about the team they support in order to make them seem better than the other team; even if their team doesn?t win, they start chanting to make them seem better, and may even start fighting because they feel they need to win something. Social Psychology, in my opinion, can be used to understand, prevent and stop football hooliganism to some extent, as Social Identity Theory helps explain why football hooliganism occurs. For instance, Social Identity Theory states that when people enter a stadium, they choose to sit with people that also support the team they have come to the stadium to, and, furthermore, choose this group of people are their in-group. ...read more.

Conclusion

It suggests that it is not just the creation of two groups that leads to prejudice, but that they need to have a goal in sight for conflict/prejudice to develop. Secondly, there is a theory that when humans have their sense of humanity taken away from them, and they are in turn treated as if they are animalistic. This can be used to prove football hooliganism because they are in conflicting goals and therefore they are fighting like animals in order to receive the prize of a football victory. In conclusion, I think that the use of Social Psychology can be used to understand and, more importantly, prevent football hooliganism. This is because the Police could use Social Identity Theory to understand what they needed to do in terms of policing the stadium, keeping peace and where to ?shepard? the fans. This could possibly reduce the amount of prejudice and discrimination at a football match, and therefore, using Social Identity Theory, reduce the amount of football hooliganism. However, I believe that football hooliganism isn?t a result of just Social Identity Theory; I think passion for the game, as well as ?over-excitedness? has a part to play too. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

The title of this essay is 'outline and describe.....' which does not include evaluation. However evaluation is included here and with some good points. Important to remember that there are individual differences in behaviour that can help us understand why some people behave in one way and not others. 4*

Marked by teacher Stephanie Duckworth 03/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Is Psychology a Science?

    5 star(s)

    According to Kuhn, a philosopher of science, this means that psychology is 'pre-paradigmatic' - it lacks a paradigm, without which it is still in a state of 'pre-science'.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss evolutionary explanations of intelligence

    4 star(s)

    The theory would predict that there is a strong association between the time spent grooming, possession of theory of mind and intelligence. There are however difficulties with testing these ideas, which are how an animals intelligence would be measured. In human intelligence it is difficult to measure because of the

  1. Peer reviewed

    Reductionism In Psychology

    5 star(s)

    The concept of reductionism means that psychology can be viewed as fully scientific, cause and effect can be established. Also, predictions of human behaviour can be made based on biological and physiological components. Due to the scientific nature of reductionism, empirical evidence can be gained in order to support areas of psychology.

  2. How well does the classic theory of deindividuation explain the behaviour of people in ...

    The member looses their individuality is no longer recognised as an individual (Festinger et al., 1952). This is caused when identified loss of individual responsibility, anonymity, novel or unstructured situations and conscious altering substances are combined, as they lead to is impulsive, irrational, intense and emotional behaviour that is self fulfilling.

  1. Whistleblowing, The Problems and the Issue.

    lie, chasing the poor for debts, repossessions, sexism, carrying out decision democratically reached disagrees with, organisational hypocrisy, contempt of officers for lay officials, corrupt appointments: deciding when to take industrial action (Goodwin, 2000). These problems will effect the organizations in many ways, such as decline in efficiency.

  2. Psychological Causes of Prejudice

    One study done by Sherif was the Robber's Cave Study (1961). Realistic Conflict theory arises when there are limited resources this then leads to conflict, prejudice and discrimination between groups who seek that common resource. Once hostility has been aroused, it is very difficult to return to normal relations and an ongoing feud can arise.

  1. Evaluate two theories of altruism.

    These results mean that alarm calls were given almost equally for both indirect and direct descendants, suggesting that altruistic behaviour is shown towards any related individuals within a species. In this study and explanation there is strong evidence showing altruistic behaviour through kin-selection however animals can find it hard to

  2. Investigating the validity of the matching hypothesis.

    Paper and pens were used for the subjects to record their ranking order of physical attractiveness for the male and female groups. Microsoft excel was used to format these results (see appendix D.) SPSS (version 10) software was used to calculate the data set.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work