• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

I think that Social Psychology can only explain some of why football hooliganism happens

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Outline and describe the issue you have studied in Social Approach. (12 Marks) [First Draft] Ever since football has been a sport, there has been the social problem of football Hooliganism. Football hooliganism refers to destructive behavior that is performed by football fans and is widely considered to be unruly and destructive behaviour. Actions such as fighting, vandalism and intimidation are carried out by football fans participating in football hooliganism. The behaviour is often based upon rivalry between different teams and conflict may take place before or after football matches. In this question I am going to be describing football hooliganism, explaining the theories behind it, what studies support the theories, evaluating these theories and then subsequently using alternative theories to explain how football hooliganism occurs. The key issue we studied in the social approach was football hooliganism; we looked at what it is, who gets involved, why is it such key issue in society and how can Social Psychology be used to explain why football hooliganism occurs. It is a substantially large issue society because the football hooligans believe that they?re above the law as they feel they can do it without any repercussions. ...read more.

Middle

In-group favouritism refers to the fact that under certain conditions people will preference and have affinity for one?s in-group over the out-group, or anyone viewed as outside the in-group. This can be expressed in evaluation of others, linking, allocation of resources and many other ways.people will do anything in order to boost the self esteem of themselves and the in group, by making the out group look bad, and this is achieved by either. In football this occurs when the in-group are chanting songs about the team they support in order to make them seem better than the other team; even if their team doesn?t win, they start chanting to make them seem better, and may even start fighting because they feel they need to win something. Social Psychology, in my opinion, can be used to understand, prevent and stop football hooliganism to some extent, as Social Identity Theory helps explain why football hooliganism occurs. For instance, Social Identity Theory states that when people enter a stadium, they choose to sit with people that also support the team they have come to the stadium to, and, furthermore, choose this group of people are their in-group. ...read more.

Conclusion

It suggests that it is not just the creation of two groups that leads to prejudice, but that they need to have a goal in sight for conflict/prejudice to develop. Secondly, there is a theory that when humans have their sense of humanity taken away from them, and they are in turn treated as if they are animalistic. This can be used to prove football hooliganism because they are in conflicting goals and therefore they are fighting like animals in order to receive the prize of a football victory. In conclusion, I think that the use of Social Psychology can be used to understand and, more importantly, prevent football hooliganism. This is because the Police could use Social Identity Theory to understand what they needed to do in terms of policing the stadium, keeping peace and where to ?shepard? the fans. This could possibly reduce the amount of prejudice and discrimination at a football match, and therefore, using Social Identity Theory, reduce the amount of football hooliganism. However, I believe that football hooliganism isn?t a result of just Social Identity Theory; I think passion for the game, as well as ?over-excitedness? has a part to play too. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

The title of this essay is 'outline and describe.....' which does not include evaluation. However evaluation is included here and with some good points. Important to remember that there are individual differences in behaviour that can help us understand why some people behave in one way and not others. 4*

Marked by teacher Stephanie Duckworth 03/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Is Psychology a Science?

    5 star(s)

    According to Kuhn, a philosopher of science, this means that psychology is 'pre-paradigmatic' - it lacks a paradigm, without which it is still in a state of 'pre-science'.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The effect of the Level of Processing on the amount of information recalled

    4 star(s)

    Participants were of mixed ability and both male and female and aged between 15 and 16 years old. Participants were chosen by opportunity sampling, as this is quick, convenient and easy. Participants chosen were available at the time, and it did not disrupt their lessons.

  1. Critically evaluate how psychological theories, concepts, and explanations have been employed in the psychology ...

    Biological theories focus on different genetic make-ups, and consequently different personality types in relation to everyday life. For example some people cope well with stressful social situations, others do not.

  2. This raises the interesting question of how collision avoidance amongst pedestrians is achieved. Several ...

    The gender and approximate age of the individuals were also noted. Of particular relevance to the first exercise presented here are the passes that were made between single individuals.

  1. Whistleblowing, The Problems and the Issue.

    Without such a believe, it would be difficult to persevere several years or even decades (Martin, 1999, a). However, there are other means of distrust, they cannot gain trust by their new employers if they go to a new workplace.

  2. What are the main methods of investigation available to psychologists? Drawing on evidence from ...

    Merely observing a correlation between Boy Scout membership and later involvement in community organisations would be establish a cause and effect relationship between the two - it may be that there are other causative factors in play. The cause and effect of this can may only be found through a controlled experiment, so observational studies have their limitations.

  1. Causes of Aggressive Behavior

    Skinner goes on to state that: The belief that certain kind of "pent-up" behavior causes trouble until the organism is able to get rid of them is at least as old as the Greeks. Aristotle, for example, argued that tragedy had a beneficial effect in purging the individual of emotional behavior.

  2. What problems might arise in trying to measure attitudes?

    and having a scale of answers to pick from for example the answers would be; 1. Strongly agree 2.Agree 3.Unsure 4.disagree 5. Strongly disagree.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work