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I will refer to the following journal items as: Article One - "Does bullying cause emotional problems? A prospective study of young teenagers"(Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Patton 2001); Article Two - "A Qualitative Study of Bullying

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Introduction

KNOWLEDGE FOR HEALTH RESEARCH Literature Review Introduction: Bullying is an issue of growing concern to parents, teachers, and social workers in New Zealand. Bullying affects a substantial number of children and youth in all schools, and it is not a new phenomenon, as it has been described in fictional works for centuries (MacDougall, 1993). Bullying occurs in all schools, but its relevance to health and well being is uncertain (MacDougall, 1993). It can be considered a common and normal developmental experience; alternatively it can also be considered an important cause of stress and of physical and emotional problems (Olweus, 1993). Bullying is a term that describes a wide range of unacceptable behaviours. A person is bullied when he or she is exposed, regularly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more persons (Olweus, 1993). The two research articles I have chosen for this literature review are drawn from multiple methods which I think compliment each other and bring different strengths and challenges to my findings. The third article is an editorial piece from a Canadian newspaper which relates to the same theme - Bullying. In this essay I will explore the articles from both a naturalistic and experimental-type inquiry. ...read more.

Middle

Relationship between Writer and Subject Matter: The research involved collaboration work from various directors from two centres: 1) Centre for Adolescent health, Royal Children's Hospital; and 2) Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Murdoch Children's Research Institute and University of Melbourne Ethical Considerations: For this research ethics approval was granted by the Royal Children's Hospital ethics in human research committee, the Victorian Department of Education, Employment and Training, and the Catholic Education office. Student participation was voluntary, with written parental consent required (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Patton 2001). Article Two: A Qualitative study of Bullying from Multiple Perspectives Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the impact on children of peer victimisation. While considerable research has studied children who bully, there is little research on victims' experiences (Crick & Bigbee, 1998). The search aims to describe the impact of victimisation from the perspectives of children, their teachers and parents, and to explain interpersonal processes that protect a child or place a child at risk for continuing victimisation. This pilot study informed a larger Canadian federally funded study currently underway. Theoretical Perspective The research process in Article Two was developed from inductive forms of reasoning. ...read more.

Conclusion

From these studies I found that parents understanding and perception of bullying were totally different from a child's perception of bullying. The pattern that emerged from the study was how difficult it is to define bullying. Identifying an incident as bullying can be complex and confusing for children, parents, and teachers. Conclusion: Qualitative data complements quantitative data and privileges individuals' live experience. Increasing our understanding of the views of children and adults is key to developing effective interventions. I believe it is vital to have children's perspectives when trying to identify the processes involve in problematic peer relationships. My only recommendation, if not already practiced, would be that those who are conducting qualitative interviews with children, should be trained in child and adolescent development and be familiar with the ways that children at different ages understand and use language. From an undergraduate's perspective, critically researching an issue is important as future practitioner because it involves continual seeking of knowledge - continual asking of questions - and continual learning of how diverse circumstances require diverse methods to bring about key interventions and solutions. I have also gained an appreciation for psychological research as this will enhance my understanding of the research-based information presented in my psychology classes and in everyday life. ...read more.

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