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Identify and clearly describe relevant psychological theory for clients with the chosen behaviour in a particular health and social care setting.

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Introduction

E3: Identify and clearly describe relevant psychological theory for clients with the chosen behaviour in a particular health and social care setting. Theories: 1. Bowlby. Attachment/Separation theory 2. Berkowitiz. Aggression theory The first theory Bowlby's maternal deprivation relates to Matthew as he is the oldest of four children and his father left when he was only seven, since then he has lived with his mother and has been the only male in the house. In studies using the strange situation Bowlby found that infants maybe securely attached to one parent but not the other or in securely attached to both. Bowlby also agrees that man are capable of providing adequate parenting and becoming attachment figures for there young children, and the 'mother does not even have to be female'. Bowlby's separation theory relates to Matthew as his parents divorced when he was seven and since then he has had no contact with him. ...read more.

Middle

As a result of these factors, the relationship between the child and the custodial parent is bound to suffer. Mothers become more authoritarian, increasing the number of demands and restrictions and becoming less affectionate. The children (especially boys) become more aggressive and inflexible. Berkowits aggression relates to Matthew as he has show violence towards his mother, which his father display to his mother in front of him before he left. Berkowits describes aggression as 'behaviour which is physical or symbolic, that is carried out with the intention to harm someone'. He reserves the term violence for an extreme form of aggression, a deliberate attempt to do serious injury. Freud sees aggression as instinctive, with aggression energy needing to be released regularly if it is not to built up to dangerous levels. The frustration-aggression hypothesis see instinctive and learned reactions as involved, while the social learning approach deindividuation emphasize cognitive aspects of learning from others behaviour and the influence of others on the individual behaviour respectively. ...read more.

Conclusion

After I have finished observing them I will issue a questionnaire to the students observed using a quantative methodology asking questions abut their family situation e.g are their parents separated/ do they have any brother or sisters? Once I have finished the research I will compare what I found when observing and join this with the questionnaires to relate to the theory's and question how far I agree with these from the findings of the research. To find this out I will try to answer these questions when comparing the research findings with the theories. 1. Can long term separation of parents cause a child to show aggressive behaviour? 2. Does divorce have a negative effect on the school work? 3. Is aggressive behaviour a reaction to specific features of the surrounding situation which 'pull out' responses that heighten of the behaviour? 4. With out the love of both parents, children grow up with a sense of insecurity and lack confidence, also finding it harder to form relationships with others? Marie Gillespie ...read more.

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