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In Being and Time, States-of-mind show “how one is”.

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Jeremiah Smith Philosophy 418 Essay #3-Final, Question #2 Dr. Piotr Hoffman 12/13/01 In Being and Time, States-of-mind show "how one is". Similar to moods, states-of-mind are the barometers of the 'is' of a dasein. Anxiety as a state-of-mind reveals that dasin is anxious. Anxiety is primordially a state-of-mind, and similar to fear and falling states-of-mind. Anxiety as a state-of-mind is a categorical demarcation, and does not pertain to dasein without explanation of how anxiety is anxious. How the state-of-mind of anxiety discloses itself to dasein, through entities within the world as well as dasein's being in the world is key. In paragraph 34, Heidegger explains the notion of falling, dealing with how dasein becomes immersed in the "they" or the others around him as well as how dasein is immersed in his concernful dealings in the world1. This is the conceptual framework in which he wishes to place the notion of Anxiety. Fleeing, the action surrounding falling is in the face of falling. "Dasein's falling into the 'they' and the 'world' of its concern is what we have called 'fleeing' in the face of itself"2. It, like the anxiousness of anxiety is the activity related to a state-of-mind that often lies dormant or unrealized by dasein, and is only made manifest in the face of something. Involved in this character of falling, is dasein's propensity to turn away from itself, to flee from itself, "...in accordance with its ownmost inertia".3 Thus limiting daseins throwness towards its possibilities within the world, and hence limiting its ability for authentically being-one's-self. ...read more.


Therefore, if anxiety is essentially derived from all possibilities of ready-to-hand, or equally, nothing-ready-to-hand (meaning nothing in particular, but nevertheless something), then the antagonist to this type of anxiety is the world itself. The entire ready-to-hand or the threatening nature of overwhelming possibility leads to the conclusion that "Being-in-the-world" itself is that in the face of which anxiety is anxious".6 The second component to anxiety is anxiety that is anxious about something in particular. Rather than being anxious of all possibilities of being-in-the-world, here anxiety is about something. Directed towards an object, rather than being a state-of-mind against something (or all things) threatening. Here anxiety throws dasein upon its potential for authenticity, and reveals not all possibilities, as before, but merely the possibility for dasein to become individualized, and an authentic entity within the world. This second type of anxiety reveals to dasein his ability to be authentic in the world, unlike the first type, revealing all possibilities for dasein in the world. Ultimately, Being-in-the-world is what reveals what anxiety is anxious about. Anxiety as a state-of-mind, asking again the question of "how one is"7, anxiety is described by Heidegger as giving dasein the feeling of being away from home. The translation used is "uncanny", but in a footnote, the adjective is said to be closer to "unhomelike". This means that Dasein is uncomfortable and threatened by his surroundings. ...read more.


Since the possibilities of being-in-the-world, including the threat of being an individual, authentic entity are "an issue" for dasein, they are an object for dasein's care. The goal of Dasein, or the realized dasein is to be free from all things that make dasein an inauthentic entity. In Care lies the solution for dasein to achieve his freedom. Through the phenomenon of anxiety as a state-of-mind, dasein is, as said before ahead of his self in terms of all the potentiallity for being-in-the-world that is revealed to dasein. In this is the "existential-ontological"11 factors that will contribute to dasein achieving his freedom. However, in the road to being free, lies the fear that dasein encounters through the only state-of-mind that can reveal the necessary for conditions for freedom, namely, anxiety. Care's components; being-already-in (dealing with the effects of anxiety) and being alongside (dealing with concern of the ready-to-hand) are the causal pieces that allow for daseins freedom. But are hindered further by the many forces of dasein that seem to inhibit his freedom discussed thus far in Being and Time, but also by the constraints placed upon him by the public "they", as social forces in which dasein often flees into while trying to escape the aloneness of anxiety and the felling of unfamiliarity brought about by anxiety and uncanniness. 1 B&T Pp.229 2 B&T Pp.230 3 B&T Pp.229 4 B&T Pp.230 5 B&T Pp.231 6 B&T Pp.232 7 B&T Pp.233 8 B&T Pp.234 9 B&T Pp.235 10 B&T Pp.236 11 B&T Pp.237 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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