• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In the early years of the Second World War large numbers of British people were evacuated from their homes. Explain the reactions of the British people to the evacuation policies of the government.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In the early years of the Second World War large numbers of British people were evacuated from their homes. Explain the reactions of the British people to the evacuation policies of the government. On 1st September 1939, the British government introduced its evacuation policy. This policy was to evacuate millions of people in society who were in greatest risk from the German bombing. For evacuation purposes the Government divided the British Isles into three areas: Evacuable- (usually the larger urban cities, London & Birmingham.) Neutral- (as the chance of bombing there was less.) Reception areas- (rural settings thought to be the safest from German air attacks.) Nearly one and a half million people moved in September 1939, most moved within one weekend. However German bombing didn't come when expected due to the 'Phoney War' so nearly half used it as an excuse to come back and later had to be re-evacuated in autumn 1940, when the bombing finally started. People's reactions to the evacuation varied according to their individual status and situation. As about 13 million people lived in the evacuable areas and there was only enough room in the reception areas for 4.8 million people, so only certain groups of people could be moved. ...read more.

Middle

There was a great disadvantage to children not being evacuated as a community or a school since it made the experience that more daunting. As a result of the mis-matches in reception areas, selection was made according to rudimentary principles. Billeting officers simply lined the children up and invited the potential hosts to take their pick. Thus the phrase 'I'll take that one' became etched on the memory of evacuees. This was a traumatic experience for the minors as those that looked unhealthy, poor or dirty were left until the very last. A man remembers him and his sister going through this ordeal 'we were left until the very last. The room was almost empty. I sat on my rucksack and cried.' These children would have felt isolated and lonely, as they did not know their fellow evacuees or their new hosts. They also had the added pressure of making new friendships. However, friendships did form- not only amongst the evacuees from the urban areas but new bonds between the urban and rural children. Each child learnt a new way of life, the city children learnt the ways of the countryside, one child wrote back to his mother 'They call this Spring, Mum, and they have one down here every year.' ...read more.

Conclusion

These are the people that were exposed to the trauma of separation, isolation, the tensions of fear and anger. Most mothers were unaware of where their children were going, what they would be doing and all were wholly ignorant of when they would be coming back. The policy of evacuation also had a long-term effect on the country's development. As most evacuees were children from poor areas taken in by middle- class families, the huge gulf between the social classes was bought into focus and highlighted. Evacuation seems to have played a significant part in shaping the deep- felt desire to create a fairer society when the war was over. The problems that were raised by the evacuations pointed out weaknesses in public conditions and the urban working- classes own living conditions. This provided the incentive for post-war reforms in areas such as national health, housing and adequate supplies of nutritional food. Today as a result of these reforms there is the National Health Service (NHS), new housing full of modern amenities, and today there are excessive amounts of food available for all civilians. By Katie Matthews - 1 - Dunottar School ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Attachment and Separation.

    Primary data are derived from studying, in the analytic setting, a personality more or less developed and already functioning more or less well; from those data the attempt is made to reconstruct the phases of personality that have preceded what is now seen."

  2. In response to growing tension and technological advances in war, the British government set ...

    Larger schools were split up into four or five different areas, to minimalize the stress for the receiving authorities- church groups, village councils, and local education authorities.(Gosden,15) The children, upon arriving at their country areas, found that, indeed, the government had not arranged for extra campuses or materials, essential to give the children a less stressful move.

  1. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    * Hearing appeals against admissions refusals * The governing bodies must also make sure that religious education and collective worship takes place in accordance with legislation. The governors are required to write a yearly report to parents at their school, and then holding an annual meeting at which the report can be discussed.

  2. Britain in the second World War: the Evacuation of British Children

    safety of the children, because of this the Government would like the evacuation as they may gain more votes for upcoming elections. The Government would also welcome the evacuations because these children were the future, no one knew how long the war would go on for and these children could eventually be fighting the Germans.

  1. Is the landowner the driving force in urban redevelopment?

    However the third question is less elegantly resolved and, in failing to formulate a powerful causal logic as to the actions of brownfield landowners, their argument is dogged by many of the same flaws that have hitherto impeded the effectiveness of other structure/agent models of the development process (see for example Hooper, 1992).

  2. Britain in the Second World War: The Evacuation of British Children.

    the war effort by fighting on the front line and risking their lives everyday for the government. Then they would feel better in knowing that their children are safe. This carries on to the fact of the people behind the whole evacuation process, the Government.

  1. Britain in the Second World War: The evacuation of British children.

    They all had a lot of different experiences. Some liked it and felt as if it was an adventure for them, everything was new to them so they enjoyed it especially the ones who lived with wealthy hosts, some did not want to leave. It was like a holiday.

  2. Britain in the Second World War: The evacuation of British children.

    If the foster parents didn't want to foster or didn't want children the reaction to the policy of evacuation would be negative. Some of the better off people refused to take in dirty smelly children. Some only fostered the evacuees because of the allowance they got.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work