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investigation to find out whether people remember more word pairs by trying to make images of the word pairs rather than by repeating each word pair three times aloud, to store the information

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Introduction

Introduction: Memory has been the focus of psychology research since the beginning of psychology. Investigators have focused on the structure of memory and factor that aid or inhibit the ability to store and retrieve information. Bower's research (1972) found that that mental imagery of unrelated word pairs affected its retrieval. Short-term memory concerns information being encoded and held for several seconds or minutes for use straight away, or is instead prepared for permanent storage in long-term memory. Long-term memory is concerned with items that have been retained over a long period of time, which can range widely; from several minutes to several years. The aim of my investigation is to find out whether people remember more word pairs by trying to make images of the word pairs rather than by repeating each word pair three times aloud, to store the information. Craik and Watkins distinguished between maintenance rehearsal and elaborative rehearsal. * Maintenance rehearsal, in which material is rehearsed in the form in which it was presented (rote) * Elaborative rehearsal, which elaborate the material in some way, e.g. by giving it a meaning or linking it with pre-existing knowledge The Atkinson and Schiffrin Model was a theory where there were three stages to memory. ...read more.

Middle

Hypotheses: Experimental Hypothesis: Participants who are asked to recall the word pairs using the technique of imagery by the form of a mental image will remember more word pairs than the participants who are asked to recall the word pairs using repetition. Null Hypothesis: Participants who are asked to recall the word pairs using the technique of imagery by the form of a mental image will remember no more word pairs than the participants who are asked to recall the word pairs using repetition. Method: This experiment uses a repeated measures design. I will be using this design because as I am trying to discover whether people remember word pairs more efficiently by imagery them rather then repeating them, I would have to ask each participant to do the task twice, the first condition would involve the participant imaging the word pairs, the second condition would involve participants repeating the word pairs. The advantages of this design are that individual differences between participants are largely eliminated as you have the same individuals doing both conditions. Another advantage is that you need fewer participants than the independent measures design. ...read more.

Conclusion

Materials / apparatus 10 concrete and 10 abstract words are collected from a child's dictionary ('my first dictionary'). I chose words at random, two words per page. The word pairs will be written in the same font, Times new roman, size 14, on Microsoft Word and the word pairs will not be connecting, meaning not familiar word pairs i.e. sun - sky. A stop clock is needed to see how many word pairs are remembered in one and half minutes. Ethical issues Children were not used in the experiment as the issue of ethics would have been raised because they could not give their own consent for participation. Confidentiality is a major issue, as that would be an important factor to my participants, to overcome this I will not take the names of any of the participants. Another issue was the consent of the participants to take part in the experiment, so each participant will give inform consent before starting any task. All participants have the right to leave during the experiment and the right to withdraw their results at anytime during the research which they will be aware of as they will be briefed at the beginning of the experiment and de-briefed at the end of the task. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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