• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is a stressful lifestyle a habit as harmful to the body as a long term substance abuse?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Is a stressful lifestyle a habit as harmful to the body as a long term substance abuse? The arousal level can be thought of as how much capacity you have available to work with. The concept of arousal relates to the activities of the ANS, this is also known as the Automatic Nervous System. The automatic nervous system or the ANS is a network of unmediated nerve fibres, which regulates internal systems such as the body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure. The function of the sympathetic division is concerned with states which are highly activated and preceded for action, while the parasympathetic division is concerned with states which are quiet and restorative. Activation of the sympathetic division of the automatic nervous system is often given the general term of arousal. Psychological interest in arousal has tended to centre on the relationship between physiologically aroused condition, and the experience of emotions. Periods of high physiological activity happen when we take vigorous exercise are accompanied by high levels of adrenaline and by all the other symptoms of the generalised arousal state. However aroused states also accompany the emotional states of fear and anger. ...read more.

Middle

Many illnesses are believed to be related to stress, however the cardiovascular system and the immune system functioning suffer a great deal. Research studies have suggested that there is a link between long-term stress and minor illnesses, however it can not always be certain that it is stress itself which is causing the effect. Krantz et al (1991) conducted another study looking at the relationship between stress and cardiovascular disorders. The study's aim was to investigate the extent to which mental stress could be shown to increase myocardial ischemia, and if patients with coronary artery disease reacted differently to individuals with no cardiovascular problems. 39 patients and 12 controls were studied. The participants were asked to perform three mental tasks 1. Arithmetic task. 2. Stroop task (blue red) 3. Tasks were they stimulated public speaking. Physiological measurements were taken such as blood pressure and whether the contractions of blood vessels around the heart were low, medium, or high. The findings were that the cardiovascular patients demonstrated the greatest myocardial ischemia during the mental task, and also had highest increases in blood pressure. The control participants showed lowest levels of myocardial ischemia and blood pressure increase whilst performing tasks. ...read more.

Conclusion

Regular contact with healthcare professionals improves health and well being and keeps you in contact with other people motivated towards change. While on methadone many remain physically dependent on it to keep withdrawal symptoms down. It can also lead to death if excess amount is taken. Employers cannot by law discriminate against you, but they may not be impressed to find you are "addicted to methadone". Methadone is a very long term commitment. As some people stay on methadone for decades, some forever. Trying to avoid certain situations, such as going out with friends who go to the pub regular, or being with certain friends that smoke will be good for you as this may lead to triggering off craving. Therefore controlling the environment which you are in gives you self control of the situation and will power. However this strategy may lead you back to substance abuse as you may feel alone or left out. Cardwell, M & Flanagan, C. (2005). Psychology AS, the complete companion. Cheltenham: Croatia. Yerkes, R.M. & Dodson, J.D. (1908). The Relationship of Strength of Stimulus to Rapidity of Habit Formation. Journal of Comparative Neurology and Psychology., 18, 459-482. Anderson, J.R. (2000). Cognitive psychology and its implications. 5th Ed. New York: Worth. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 Giselle Lindo ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Physiological Psychology essays

  1. Stress can be explained as the stimulus in the environment that triggers a stress ...

    Biofeedback - the person learns to relax Biofeedback - The person learns how to control symptoms of stress so that they feel relaxed in real-life stressful situations. There are 4 steps involved: 1. The person is attached to a machine that monitors & gives feedback on heart rate or blood pressure.

  2. Stress in the Workplace : Why Is it Important to Deal with It?

    % of overall claims in 1998-99, compared with 2.7% 10 years earlier. The upward trend has continued despite a tightening of the eligibility criteria in 1994-95 that stipulated that work had to be a significant factor in the complaint, rather than aspects of the worker's personal life.

  1. Anxiety and Pain

    This system is argued to be evolutionary useful in that a person who is 'weighted' towards more responses to possible threats, even if some of these constitute false alarms will have a greater chance of survival. And it is these false alarms that are described as 'cognitive misinterpretations' in the clinical literature (Clark, 1986, 1988; cited in Windmann, 1998).

  2. Nursing care as applied to a client with a mental health problem

    The ideas to take the clients' smallest fear and confront this first working up to their largest fear. This is called the graded hierarchy. The clients' smallest fear was to go out of her front door and her largest was to be able to travel on public transport at will.

  1. Reticular Activating System.

    Freud believed that behaviour is an interaction of these 3 systems. With the Id being repressed by the Ego and Superego, causing anxiety during waking hours. During dreams the Superego is partially asleep And the Id can get through. The Superego Disguises the Id thoughts, (to stop nightmares.)

  2. Reticular Activating System.

    These would be conflicts or dis. Thought. Manifest This is what you actually dream. He Argues that this is a censored and symbolic. * * * * * 3 CARL JUNG p Although Jung had been a close colleague of Freud, helping him form the psychoanalytic movement, in 1913 he broke ranks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work