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Jean Piaget and his revolutionary approach to understanding childs mind

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Jean Piaget and his revolutionary approach to understanding child?s mind Jean Piaget is certainly one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century. Piaget is the author of psychological concepts such as schema, accommodation, assimilation or balance, and his findings contribute significantly to contemporary psychology and philosophy. Because his work has influenced the science of teaching and is imperative to understanding the development of formal thinking, his followers equate Piaget?s role in psychology to that of Newton in physics. Based on observations of his three children, Piaget distinguished four successive stages of cognitive development. ...read more.


Stages of child cognitive development The sensorimotor stage (practical intelligence) lasts from birth to two years of age. At this stage with the development of motor skills, children begin to develop ideas about objects, which is a starting point to future development of concepts. Children start to learn about the permanence of objects from their immediate environment through the formation of sensorimotor schemas. What does this mean in practice? Children begin to notice that events occur one after another and that there is a cause and effect to their actions. Unfortunately, their memory is still very underdeveloped. ...read more.


From seven to eleven years of age, children undergo the concrete operational stage. They already understand the rule of non-contradiction, can apply the rule of transitivity and start to order objects according to given criteria. In short, they develop basic concepts for logical thinking. At this stage children develop the concept of conservation of mass, weight or volume. They understand the concept of containment and can distinguish between a whole and its constituent parts. The formal operational stage begins after children turn eleven, but not everyone experiences it. It is characterized by a child?s ability to think logically in an abstract way. A child can carry out operations that go beyond her direct experience, manipulating ideas in her head rather than through concrete experience. ...read more.

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