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Learning Theories

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  • Essay length: 1214 words
  • Submitted: 22/06/2007
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AS and A Level Developmental Psychology

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Task 1

In the early years there are different ways and methods in which we can encourage or help children to learn. These are also known as 'theories', which are vital to what the early year's practitioner thinks to be important for a child's learning. Below are all the different major theories which are related to children's development and learning.

Transmission model

* This theory is based upon the idea that children are 'empty clay tables' (Tabula Rasa) and that they are capable of being moulded and shaped by adults. It was first developed by the philosopher John Locke (1632-1704). People who work in this way are known as 'behaviourists'. Transmission model sees people as passive and that they learn through experiences. The transmission model concentrates on nurture and not nature; it is split into two main components, learning theory and social learning theory.

Learning theory

* Classical conditioning: Pavlov (1849- 1936) worked with dogs, he fed them when the church bell rang or a light was flashed. The dogs salivated when they were fed; eventually they salivated at the sound of the bell or when a light was flashed even

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