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life span development

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Introduction

Task 5 P1.5 Describe the influences of genetic, environmental and socio-economic factors on the development of the individual * Genetic influences * Environmental factors * Socio-economic factors Genetic influences In 1993, it was explained that genetics is just a language by Jones. His words were "a set of inherited instructions passed from generation to generation". The genes within the body contain the information or instructions needed to make living organisms. There are some very powerful genetic influences apparent in the human body, which are: * Downs Syndrome * Huntington's Disease * Phenylketonuria (PKY) Downs Syndrome This is a disease that is present in the foetus before birth and is basically where there are only 47 chromosomes instead of the standard 46. This extra chromosome is due to the extra copy of chromosome 21. The extra chromosome cause certain characteristics to change such as: * Slanting eyes * Large tongue * Little fingers curve inwards * Flat face * Broad hands Huntington's Disease This is a genetic abnormality which is found in the chromosome 4. An individual with Huntington's disease, may find that 10 years before actually being diagnosed with the disease their personality will change dramatically. Also there begin to experience abnormal movements. As the disease progresses the symptoms begin to get worse. Eventually, after roughly 15 to 20 years after the first symptoms death will occur. ...read more.

Middle

Education is also a factor of the environment, as children are more aware of the things that can happen within the environment whilst they are at school. Income affects the environment, as if an individual is earning a fair amount of money they would be classes as being upper class, therefore they do not really socialise with people in a different class as themselves. Psychological factors * Self esteem - this shows that the person may have a low self-esteem, making the individual feel bad about themselves and unsure of the types of friendships they have attained throughout their early years of life. * Self concept - This will show how a person actually feels about themselves and the way they look at themselves. Such as, disliking their body, the way they look or the way they treat people. * Relationships - This shows how a person feels about family, friends and partners. An individual may feel like they are unworthy of a relationship and this may affect further relationships from progressing. This psychological factor affects many people in the UK and is shown within a persons attitude. Some people cannot build relationships and this may lead to stress. * Stress - This affects a person psychologically as it makes the individual feel anxious and unable to cope. ...read more.

Conclusion

Divorce can make an individual feel like they have failed at their marriage. It can in turn lead to depression and the individual is unable to cope with everyday activities. M2.4 Explain how major life events can influence the development of the individual There are various major life events which can influence an individuals' development. A major life event which can occur could be something predictable or unpredictable. The individual could be going through shock and therefore prevent them to move with their lives. This could lead to depression and lack of self-confidence occurring. The individual may also find it very hard to cope but may have various members of their family they are able to talk to about the situation. Family and friends are usually the main form of support after a major life event has occurred. They usually offer advice to help the individual to move on with their life and to get back on track. Friends may also be able to help the individual if they have also experiences this major life event previously. The individual will feel like they are being supported and will gain all the advice they need from peers and family members. This will aid the individual to carry on with their life and learn how to cope better. ?? ?? ?? ?? Kirsty Stevenson Life Span Development Helina 1 ...read more.

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