• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13

Managing stress through Exercise and Therapy

Extracts from this document...


Managing stress through Exercise and Therapy Contents Page 1- Definitions of stress & General Adaptation Syndrome Page 2-3- Holmes and Rahe social readjustment rating scale Page 4-5- Interactional model of stress Page 6- Primary stress intervention Page 7-8- Secondary stress intervention Page 9- Tertiary stress intervention Page 10- Physiology of the stress response National definition of stress Stress is an individual's mental, behavioural and physiological response to when we feel/ fear we cannot cope with the pressure perceived. Another definition of stress by The UK Health & Safety Executive; 'Stress is the adverse reaction people have to excessive pressure or other types of demand placed on them'. http://www.personal-stress-management.com/definition-of-stress.html International definition of stress The term "stress" was originally coined in 1936 by Hans Selye, a Hungarian physician, who defined it as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change". http://internationalstressreliefacademy.com/definition-of-stress/ General Adaptation syndrome A. Alarm reaction. The body shows the changes characteristic of the first exposure to a stressor. Then the body recognises that it must fight off some physical or psychological danger and acts accordingly. If the stressor is sufficiently strong (severe burns, extremes of temperature), death may result. B. Stage of resistance. Resistance ensues if continued exposure to the stressor is compatible with adaptation. The bodily signs characteristics of the alarm reaction have virtually disappeared, and resistance rises above normal. Physical symptoms of strain appear as efforts to cope both directly and defensively intensify. If these attempts fail then physiological disorganisation rages out of control. C. Stage of Exhaustion. Following long-continued exposure to the same stressor, to which the body had become adjusted, eventually adaptation energy is exhausted. ...read more.


* Increase in one parent families * Increased life expectancy * Increased responsibility for elderly relatives * Difficulty recruiting staff * Employees wanting non- monetary benefits In order for work-life balance to be achieved the individual also has to play their part by; * Eliminating wasted office time * Learn to delegate - The purpose of delegation isn't just to have someone else do something; it's to free you to focus on using your talents and skills most productively. The big advantage is that if you delegate enough of the right things, you can be incredibly more productive. * Set boundaries * Plan their personal time Workplaces can help achieve the goal of a proper work-life balance by; * Hiring balanced- minded employees - Hiring employees that take time to enjoy life and relax are more likely to be productive while working, instead of a employee who spends most of their life at work. * Encouraging flexi time ( employees gain better balance when they have control over work arrangements) * Help out with "chores" (childcare, elderly care etc) * Organise social outings ( arrange fun events as a respite from typical work place arrangements) Secondary stress intervention Individual Secondary stress interventions alter the way an individual responded to a stressor. Organizational Secondary stress interventions improve the organisation's ability to recognise and respond to stress problems. Stress Management strategies Associate with people you enjoy and who support you. Negative people will always bring you down. They pick away at you with all of the things you can't do and all of the things that are impossible. ...read more.


and the limbic system to the Hypothalamus. This has a number of discrete parts. Autonomic Nervous System The ANS is an automatic system that controls the heart, lungs, stomach, blood vessels and glands. Due to its action we do not need to make any conscious effort to regulate our breathing or heart beat. The ANS consists of two different systems: the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system. 1. Sympathetic Nervous System The sympathetic nervous system prepares the body for action (the fight or flight response) which is the initial thought of wether to defend yourself or to run instead. In a stressful situation, it quickly does the following: * Increased secretion of adrenalin (for flight), noradrenalin (for fight) and cortisol. ( Excess production of adrenalin is dangerous as the body requires more cholesterol to synthesise adrenalin therefore cholesterol levels are raised and this is a factor for CHD) * Increases strength of skeletal muscles * Decreases blood clotting time * Increases heart rate * Increases sugar and fat levels * Reduces intestinal movement * Inhibits tears, digestive secretions. * Relaxes the bladder * Dilates pupils * Increases perspiration * Increases mental activity * Constricts most blood vessels but dilates those in heart/leg/arm muscles 2. Parasympathetic Nervous System The parasympathetic nervous system conserves energy levels and returns us to a state of homeostasis (balance) after the perceived threat is no longer imminent. It increases bodily secretions such as tears, gastric acids, mucus and saliva which help to defend the body and help digestion. The functions and systems that we do not need are suppressed in order to divert energy to the vital systems involved in increasing power and speed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)


This essay starts off very well and goes into quite a lot of detail about stress. However, the second part of the essay title regards exercise and therapy is very brief. The writer has become quite sidetracked and some of the writing is not relevant to the essay title. Also, some of the writing describes work place stress management which is relevant to employers but the essay is not necessarily asking for this..

If the writer included more information about exercise and therapy then the essay score could be improved upon. The score reflects the work carried out at the beginning of the essay. The latter part needs rewriting.

Score 3*

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 24/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Physiological Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Peer Pressure Speech

    3 star(s)

    If you are caught, you might be prosecuted. If you are found in possession of more than a small quantity, you risk more serious charges of 'possession with intent to supply, or dealing. Another issue that teenagers are faced with and usually try to avoid is crime. People aged between ten and twenty-one commit half of all crimes.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Compare and contrast two explanations of depression.

    3 star(s)

    This cognitive triad leads to a negative outlook of the world and magnifies the bad and minimises the good experiences leading to a negative view of the self, the world and the future. This theory is illustrated by the Temple-Wisconsin study of cognitive vulnerability in students.

  1. Arousal and Anxiety

    Inverted U Theory It was said that the drive theory did not sow the fluctuation or differences in performance levels. Therefore a current more acceptable method is used this is called the Inverted U Theory. This theory suggest that up to a certain point (Fig.3.)

  2. Outline the social factors that may influence gender roles

    do what other boys do and behave in a way that other boys behave, and girls are likely to follow other girls and behave in a way that other girls behave. 1. Use research evidence to assess the influence of such factors on gender roles.

  1. I will talk about the history and what the psychological and physical aspects of ...

    Sigmund Freud studies convinced him that humans have powerful hidden mental processes, the theory that formed the basis of his later works. Freud supported the use of hypnosis and he used it in his work with the use of non-verbal inductions.

  2. Outline and Evaluate Psychological Stress Management Methods.

    More generalisability across different situations WEAKNESSES: 1. The training programme requires a lot of time, effort, motivation and money 2. The complexity of learning and practicing many new skills makes it a lengthy therapy, which would suit only a limited range of determined individuals.

  1. Describe and Evaluate one Physiological and Psychological way to manage stress.

    takes place just as you would inoculate yourself against an infectious disease. Meichenbaum proposed three stages of his Stress inoculation therapy, the first being Conceptualisation where the individual along with a therapist would establish a therapeutic relationship. The individual is then educated about the nature and impact of stress and

  2. Discuss research/theories investigating the influence of childhood on adult relationships

    The development of formal operational thinking allows adolescents to view their attachment relationships more objectively, in other words comparing relationships with parents to hypothetical ideals results in the conclusion that one or even both parents are not able to meet the adolescent?s current attachment needs, and so another relationship might meet attachment needs better than the current one with parents.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work