• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Matching Hypothesis

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Psychology Coursework Matching Hypothesis Abstract The Aims of this experiment was to see if there is a similarity between levels of physical appearance between couples. The method used in this experiment was very similar to that of Murstein's matching hypothesis, using 10photos of couples split in two so there was 10 males and 10females 20 participants were asked to rank the males in order of 1-10, and the rank the females in order of 1-10 without knowing which male was coupled with which female. The results of this method were recorded by means of Spearman's rank correlation. The Rho of this experiment was 0.2727273, for the results to be statistically significant the Rho had to be equal to or greater than 0.564. As this experiment was below this it was statistically infrequent and the null hypothesis was accepted. In conclusion the hypothesis of this experiment was rejected as results were statistically infrequent, this shows from the results that there is in fact no similarities in levels of physical appearance amongst couples in long term relationships. 'Beauty is in the eye of the beholder' suggests that people are as attractive as a person sees them. So for instance a person may be seen as attractive to certain people but not attractive to others. ...read more.

Middle

If the correlation is above 0.564 then it is off significance. In the research there were 20particpants 10male and 10female, these people were then asked to rank both the male and the females in order of physical appearance, 10 being the most attractive 1 being the least attractive. The participants used were all of the same age range of 16-19 and were the students of the 6th form in the UK. The majority were British, white and middle class, but some participants asked were foreign. This experiment used a random sampling method, participants were asked for consent before any questions were asked, and as all participants asked were over the age of 16 parental consent was not required. The materials used in the experiment were 10photos obtained from the Internet; these photos of couples were cut into 2, leaving 10photos of the males and 10 of the females. The photos were small and black and white. In the experiment there were written instructions for participants to follow after they had been selected at random from a group of 6th formers. By doing this we reduced the participant/experimenter interaction so therefore the experiment is less likely to be bias. The experiment involved the experimenter taking random people from a study room and asking their consent and then asking them to complete the experiment in isolated conditions in the experimenter's room. ...read more.

Conclusion

It may have also been better to use self rating as means of recording levels of physical appearance, by using a ranking system couples may have been graded wrong because the participant simply did not know where to rank them. There were many anomalous results and flaws in the research outlined above could be the main reasons for the insignificant correlation. In practical terms these results suggest that couples in long term relationships are not similar in levels of physical appearance, this could be useful information for dating agencies as it would suggest matching couples with similar interests and personalities rather than looks. It may also give relationship counselling useful information as it could suggest working on improving interests, as that is a more important factor in relationships. Further research needs to be conducted on this area, as these results may be statistically infrequent because of flaws in the method and designs for this experiment. The results may be totally different if conducted in a different culture or within a different sample population, for instance in some cultures it may be closer to the animal kingdom in a sense that females want to mate with the most powerful male, or if the experiment was conducted on a different age group such as people in their 30s results may have been more consistent. . ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. A Replication of the Study by Murstein Investigating the Matching Hypothesis

    However, many studies have shown that people will tend to choose a partner that more or less matches them in level of attractiveness rather than choose someone of higher or lower attractiveness than themselves. As part of Social Exchange Theory, Thibaut and Kelley (1959)

  2. The matching hypothesis

    This investigation differs to previous studies carried out in this area of interest, as the photographs are not separated and the males and females are rated separately in terms of attractiveness. Participants were also asked to rate the photos as a couple.

  1. Physiological Arousal and its Effects on Females interpretations of physical attractiveness

    It wobbles as you walk on it and sways in the wind. Nearby there is another bridge that does not stimulate as much arousal, it is solidly built out of heavy wood and stands only 10 feet about a small, peaceful stream.

  2. An Investigation to see whether the halo effect is present when rating personality ...

    After timing a minute on the Sony Ericsson W810i stopwatch, participants were asked to put down their pens and turn over their pieces of paper. These pieces of paper were then carefully collected in and the second picture was given to Condition 1 and 2 and each were timed for

  1. Psychology Questions Ansewered

    Corpus Callosum differences show up a difference in appropriate emotional expression and an inability to grasp long term implications. The frontal lobe has been linked with aggression so differences in the frontal lobes of both groups could be important.- Answer all questions in this section Some psychologists argue that behaviour is learned through imitation.

  2. The Matching Hypothesis

    The Matching hypothesis was formulated by Goffman (1952). The hypothesis was based upon the idea that individuals select other individuals who have similarities in certain aspects to form relationships with; a key example being physical attractiveness. Walster et al. (1966) set out to test the Matching hypothesis proposed by Goffman and to see whether people are attracted to others who are of a similar physical attractiveness.

  1. Psychology Phobias Coursework

    less than sixteen; consent from a parent/guardian would be needed for ethical reasons. Along with the questionnaire, standardised instructions were also written so each participant would be treated the same way, so there would be no confounding variables. Having standardised instructions also makes sure the researcher does not forget to

  2. Investigating the validity of the matching hypothesis.

    Experimental documentations have confirmed the importance of physical attractiveness in first impressions. One study set up a "computer dance" in which freshmen were randomly assigned a date. When asked if they liked their partner and whether they would re-date them, the key determinate of each person's desirability was the level of physical attractiveness (Walster et al 1966.)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work