• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Matching Hypothesis

Extracts from this document...


Psychology Coursework Matching Hypothesis Abstract The Aims of this experiment was to see if there is a similarity between levels of physical appearance between couples. The method used in this experiment was very similar to that of Murstein's matching hypothesis, using 10photos of couples split in two so there was 10 males and 10females 20 participants were asked to rank the males in order of 1-10, and the rank the females in order of 1-10 without knowing which male was coupled with which female. The results of this method were recorded by means of Spearman's rank correlation. The Rho of this experiment was 0.2727273, for the results to be statistically significant the Rho had to be equal to or greater than 0.564. As this experiment was below this it was statistically infrequent and the null hypothesis was accepted. In conclusion the hypothesis of this experiment was rejected as results were statistically infrequent, this shows from the results that there is in fact no similarities in levels of physical appearance amongst couples in long term relationships. 'Beauty is in the eye of the beholder' suggests that people are as attractive as a person sees them. So for instance a person may be seen as attractive to certain people but not attractive to others. ...read more.


If the correlation is above 0.564 then it is off significance. In the research there were 20particpants 10male and 10female, these people were then asked to rank both the male and the females in order of physical appearance, 10 being the most attractive 1 being the least attractive. The participants used were all of the same age range of 16-19 and were the students of the 6th form in the UK. The majority were British, white and middle class, but some participants asked were foreign. This experiment used a random sampling method, participants were asked for consent before any questions were asked, and as all participants asked were over the age of 16 parental consent was not required. The materials used in the experiment were 10photos obtained from the Internet; these photos of couples were cut into 2, leaving 10photos of the males and 10 of the females. The photos were small and black and white. In the experiment there were written instructions for participants to follow after they had been selected at random from a group of 6th formers. By doing this we reduced the participant/experimenter interaction so therefore the experiment is less likely to be bias. The experiment involved the experimenter taking random people from a study room and asking their consent and then asking them to complete the experiment in isolated conditions in the experimenter's room. ...read more.


It may have also been better to use self rating as means of recording levels of physical appearance, by using a ranking system couples may have been graded wrong because the participant simply did not know where to rank them. There were many anomalous results and flaws in the research outlined above could be the main reasons for the insignificant correlation. In practical terms these results suggest that couples in long term relationships are not similar in levels of physical appearance, this could be useful information for dating agencies as it would suggest matching couples with similar interests and personalities rather than looks. It may also give relationship counselling useful information as it could suggest working on improving interests, as that is a more important factor in relationships. Further research needs to be conducted on this area, as these results may be statistically infrequent because of flaws in the method and designs for this experiment. The results may be totally different if conducted in a different culture or within a different sample population, for instance in some cultures it may be closer to the animal kingdom in a sense that females want to mate with the most powerful male, or if the experiment was conducted on a different age group such as people in their 30s results may have been more consistent. . ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. An Investigation to see whether the halo effect is present when rating personality ...

    If participants were put in a different environmental situation results may have differed due to an absence of stereotyping. If the experiment were to be repeated a different environment would be adopted away from Skipton Girls' High School to ensure that stereotypes would not be formed due to the fact that participants were surrounded by other female students.

  2. The matching hypothesis

    The aim: The aim of the study is to investigate the matching hypothesis and to test whether there is a positive correlation between the scores of perceived attractiveness of the male and female of the married couples and also as a couple.

  1. The Matching Hypothesis

    The Matching hypothesis was formulated by Goffman (1952). The hypothesis was based upon the idea that individuals select other individuals who have similarities in certain aspects to form relationships with; a key example being physical attractiveness. Walster et al. (1966) set out to test the Matching hypothesis proposed by Goffman and to see whether people are attracted to others who are of a similar physical attractiveness.

  2. Psychology Questions Ansewered

    The concept of Diffusion of responsibility may not have been ecologically valid. The subjects were asked to give money to award money to other subjects. The general findings were that the subjects chose reward conditions which maximized the difference between the amount of money rewarded to members of their ingroup and members of the outgroup.

  1. Psychology Phobias Coursework

    This was important as according to the British Psychological Society ethical guidelines, it is against the rules to use participants under the age of 16 years old without consent. Another limitation is mainly only extraverted people will consent to taking part.

  2. Investigating the validity of the matching hypothesis.

    While beauty is a desirable quality in a partner, if all of us sought the most attractive companion, we would be repeatedly rejected and very few relationships would actually form. Instead it appears that we compromise and seek partners that match us in terms of physical attractiveness.

  1. Physiological Arousal and its Effects on Females interpretations of physical attractiveness

    ALLOWS LABELLING OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL FEELINGS AS 'LOVE' Evaluation This theory is intuitively correct. We know that we get these feelings when someone we like is near or we are thinking about them. It is also a nice scientific explanation of the mechanisms behind the feelings involved in falling in love.

  2. A Replication of the Study by Murstein Investigating the Matching Hypothesis

    However, many studies have shown that people will tend to choose a partner that more or less matches them in level of attractiveness rather than choose someone of higher or lower attractiveness than themselves. As part of Social Exchange Theory, Thibaut and Kelley (1959)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work