• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Media influences on anti-social behaviour

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Media influences on anti-social behaviour Cognitive priming: The cognitive priming explanation suggests that aggressive ideas shown in the media (particularly films) can 'spark off other aggressive thoughts in memory pathways as proposed by Berkowitz (1984). After a violent film, the viewer is 'primed' to respond aggressively because the memory network involving aggression is activated. Criticism: + Evidence to support the cognitive priming explanation was shown in the Hockey game study by Josephism (1987) who's boys who had been 'primed' to be aggression through viewing an aggressive film acted more aggressively in a subsequent hockey game where relevant behavioural cues were present. Arousal: The arousal explanation suggests that arousal increases the dominant behaviour in any situation. If the feeling of arousal is attributed to anger, then aggression is likely to result. Research has shown that the arousal produces by (violent) pornography facilitates aggressive behaviour as shown by Zillman (1978) Criticism: If arousal is attributed to factors other than anger, then arousal will not necessarily result in aggression? ...read more.

Middle

Criticisms: + 1) there is a lot of experimental evidence to support the social learning theory explanation. Bandura et al (1963) study into the imitation of film - mediated aggressive models showed that children who observe a model behaving aggressively towards a Bobo doll subsequently behave more aggressively than those who see the model punished for their actions. This well controlled experiment and the identification of specific learned responses provides good evidence for imitative leaning. - 2) The sample characteristics were unrepresentable (only children from a university nursery) and the study has been criticised for lacking ecological validity. + - 3) The study did not really measure real aggression (a Bobo doll is designed to be hit) and only short term effects of the media was assessed. However Hicks (1965) found that 40% of models acts were reproduced up to eight months after one showing of a 10 minute film. - 4) The study has also been criticised for its ethical stance, where children were encouraged to be aggressive. ...read more.

Conclusion

They were then asked to participate in a study involving bargaining with a fellow participant (actually a confederate). Findings: Those who had heard the pro - social news were more likely to be co-operative in their bargaining, particularly if the news story involved an account of someone who has intentionally given help. Baron (1979) Found that children who watched an episode of the 'Walton's' were more co-operative in game playing afterwards than were control groups. Criticisms: + 1) pro social programmes can be effective. Hearold (1986) analysed over 100 studies and found that pro- social programmes do foster pro - social behaviour in children. This is particularly true if there is no accompanying violence in the programme. - 2) Effects may be short-lived. Many studies look at behaviour immediately after the programme is shown. Research indicates that the effects of a single programme ay be short - term, especially in younger children. + 3) Regular watching may have longer lasting effects. Despite this, Friedrich and Steins study (1973) indicates that regular watching may have longer lasting effects. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Summary

The writer has crammed quite a lot of information into this work and has covered a great deal. There are areas where the writer could have given fuller explanations and this would have improved the final score. The writing is rather disjointed in places and a plan would have helped the writer to organise the writing more effectively. The media element of the writing should have included studies about video games, magazines and films as well as television.

Rating
Score 3*

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 26/07/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe what psychologists have learned about environmental disaster and/or technological catastrophe.

    4 star(s)

    In CONTRAST Bowman (1964) was able to observe responses of psychiatric patients during and immediately after an event and made comparisons to their behaviour prior to the event. However in most cases research cannot make such comparisons. The second evaluation issue is measurement, which is how psychologists actually measure the variables they are interested in.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and assess the evidence that socialisation plays a major part in shaping human ...

    found in the Syrian desert had exceptional speed and had adopted some of the behavioural characteristics of the gazelles he was found with. On the other hand, in the case of Anna, she was kept in an upstairs room since infant and received only enough care to keep her barely alive; she had no attention nor was given instructions.

  1. A Replication of the Study by Murstein Investigating the Matching Hypothesis

    give them a square of paper with a number (the number represents the order the participant came in only) and also write this number on the response sheet. In the eventuality of a contributor wanting to withdraw their results, their sheet can be taken out of the data set without having to have recorded their names on the sheets.

  2. Pro and Anti Social Behaviour

    Bandura found that children in the aggressive condition reproduced the physical and verbal behaviours modelled by the adult. In contrast children in the non-aggressive condition showed very little aggression towards the doll. This shows that children can acquire aggressive behaviours from watching the actions of others.

  1. Psychology First Impression

    correct answers either increasing or decreasing, but actually the student always solved 15 out of the 30 correctly, participants were asked to rate the student 's intelligence, they judged the student as more intelligent when the first 15 were right (primacy effect), also, when asked to recall how many correct

  2. Literature review - Research Papers into the psychology of athletes

    The results of the three-factor analyses revealed valid relationships between coping styles and sources of acute stress among the athletes. The results from the experiment also indicate that "athletes who experienced intense coach-related acute stress was more likely to use an approach-behavior coping styles followed by the other coping styles."

  1. The Sociology of Behaviour in Golf Clubs

    It is also grounded on inductive analysis i.e. it is hypothesis generating (Silverman, 1993:21). The questions come out of the data. Preconceptions regarding the topic or research are abandoned and ideas are only formed once the data is obtained. An importance is placed on fieldwork with a concentration on the mundane.

  2. Outline and evaluate the effect of cultural influences on gender roles

    The influence of culture on gender roles and behaviours can be compared to the evolutionary perspective, in order to determine whether gender develops through our cultural environment or whether it?s universal. Evidence has shown that gender is culturally relative and thus behaviour, roles and division of labour varies widely between cultures.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work