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Multi Store Memory Model

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Introduction

Multi-Store Memory AO1: * 3 Components: Sensory, Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory * Capacity, duration, encoding, chunking * Rehearsal * Forgetting all three stores * Based on computer programming AO2: * Brain damage studies supporting evidence - KF/HM (Lost one store have retained the other) * Generalising from small sample * Serial Position Curve: Recency, Primacy * Too simplistic * Doesn't explain chunking * Lab based experiments There are three components to the multi-store memory, they are: Sensory, Short Term Memory and Long Term Memory, there are three main categories to each component: The capacity, the duration and encoding, the capacity is how much memory a component can store, the sensory memory can store around 12 items, the short term between 7 +/- 2 chunks and ones long term memory has potential to hold an infinite amount of memory. ...read more.

Middle

For a person to purposely move a memory from short term memory to long term memory they must rehearse it e.g. "Must get psychology essay in, must get psychology essay in, must get psychology essay in, must get psychology essay in etc." The fault in this set up is that we will forget the majority of what happens and what we need to remember, this will happen in all three stores so in the end, we will only remember 15% of what we hear, and 10% of what we read. This set up is closely linked to a computer system as during the time this set up was discovered was a time of technical breakthrough in relation to computing. ...read more.

Conclusion

A main problem with the model is that it is too simplistic and only gives a reader a basic idea of how memory works, however this can be a good point as it can be used as a starter for learning about the memory. This model does not take into account the idea of chunking, or flash bulb memory, surely if we can put something straight from sensory memory to long term memory it would be much easier to carry out tasks that involve the use of memory. Finally a negative point for this the only substantial tests carried out to back up this model have been lab experiments that do not take into account real life experiences. ?? ?? ?? ?? Wednesday 02 February 2011 ...read more.

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