• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Multi-Store Model of Memory. In this essay we will be looking at what research and evidence there is to support the model

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Unit Title: Psychology Kayleigh Giles-Johnson Multi-Store Model of Memory Atkinson and Shiffrin?s (1968, 1971) Multi-Store Model (MSM) is an early but influential model of memory which explains how information moves from short-term memory (STM) to long-term memory (LTM). In this essay we will be looking at what research and evidence there is to support the model, before comparing it with other memory models and looking at how these may offer alternative explanations to how memory works. The MSM explains that memory works by retrieving information from environmental input and storing it in the sensory memory, where if attended to, it will pass into the STM before passing through to the LTM only through the repeated rehearsal of the information. If information is not repeated, it will be forgotten through displacement (McLeod, simplypsychology.org). A strength of the MSM, as well as being the most influential model and the grounds for a lot of new memory research, is that there is a lot of evidence to support the idea, most notably that of the serial position effect. ...read more.

Middle

However, the model also has its weaknesses. It could be argued that it is in fact oversimplified and does not explain the full process of how information passes through. It has become more apparent that both LTM and STM are a lot more complicated than previously thought, and could be explained in a better way by looking at Baddeley and Hitch?s (1974) Working Memory Model (WMM). They argue that the multi-stores? idea of STM is far too simple, and that it is not a unitary store as the model might suggest. The WMM describes an alternative version of STM, known as working memory, in which it has different systems for different types of information. There is the Central Executive (CE), which drives the whole system and allocates information to the subsystems, whilst dealing with cognitive tasks such as problem solving and arithmetic. Then there are the Visio-Spatial Sketch Pad (VS), which stores information in a visual or spatial form, and the Phonological Loop (PL), which deals with spoken or written material, such as remembering a phone number (McLeod, simplypsychology.org). ...read more.

Conclusion

Liebermann also argues that the VS subsystem should perhaps be separated into two different components, as the two are not necessarily linked, such as in the case of blind people who have excellent spatial awareness yet no visual information in the first place (McLeod, simplypsychology.org). In conclusion, the Multi-Store model of memory does give a basic insight to how memory works and is the foundation on which many more ideas for memory have been built. However it has now been realised that it is in fact too simple and that alternative ideas such as the Working-Memory model may give a better look into how the information passes through from one system to the other. Both have considerable amount of evidence to support them and strengths and weaknesses of their own but do not focus on more than the passing of information from one storage system to another. Reference List 1. Gross, R (2010), Psychology: Science of Mind and Behaviour, London: Hodder Education 2. McLeod, S (2008), Working Memory, Available online at: http://www.simplypsychology.org/working%20memory.html [Accessed 12 December 2012] 3. McLeod, S (2007), Multi Store Model of Memory - Atkinson and Shiffrin, 1968, Available online at: http://www.simplypsychology.org/multi-store. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and evaluate the Multi-store Model of memory.

    3 star(s)

    The deepest level of processing involves coding the input in terms of its meaning. The variance here, between this model and Atkinson and Shiffrin's multi-store model, is that Craik and Lockhart disagreed with their theory in the area of how information enters the memory.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Outline the multi store model of memory with evidence to support it

    The other form of forgetting in STM is trace decay. This is the physical decay of the connection between neurons when we remember things if it is not rehearsed. Long term memory has a limitless capacity; there is no evidence for it 'filling up'.

  1. SHORT TERM MEMORY

    It is clear that group 1 scored better recalls overall than those of group 2 as they has a higher mean shown on the graph. This was an average of 8.5 which when compared to an average of 7 demonstrates the difference between the two sets of data.

  2. Investigate into the Primacy and Recency effect

    Also evidence of this is that of the mean scores. The average participant remembered 1.1 words out of the last five in the condition with the interference task compared to 1.9 being remembered in the non-interference condition. Further evidence of this is the mode of each condition.

  1. Primacy and Recency effect

    After the one-minute duration of time ended the word list was taken away and then they were given a blank piece of paper and told to scribble down as many words as they can remember in any order immediately after the word list was taken away from the participant.

  2. Investigating the short-term memory

    all other aspects of the research which might reasonably affect their willingness to participate. It's a fundamental important part of this investigation because participants are giving their consent to the investigation. People can only take part in this experiment if they give their consent.

  1. Case Studies relating to the Multi Store Model of Memory.

    because it shows that Clive Wearing can remember long term but cannot remember short term. This means that he has lost his short term memory leaving him with only long term memory from his childhood. The case study of HM is also similar; HM's long term memory was intact but

  2. Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory and One Alternative Model

    new information he would forget it within a very short space of time, leaving him with a poor quality of life, and unable to do many of the tasks that were customary to him before. If long-term memory and short-term memory were the same store, this scenario couldn't have happened.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work