• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

On-line and off-line personae in the virtual communities.

Extracts from this document...


ON-LINE AND OFF-LINE PERSONAE IN THE VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES Roman Tol Introduction New Media TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction Pg. 3 Virtual Community Pg. 3 On-line and Off-line Personae Pg. 4 Conclusion Pg. 5 Refrerences Pg. 7 INTRODUCTION Computer-mediated communication systems exhibit a fair amount of interpretative flexibility. That is, they can mean different things to different individuals or different groups, and their use continues to be interpreted and reinterpreted with the passing of time.1 It is well known that the Internet was originally conceived as a military project supervised by the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, created during the Cold War as an information system capable of surviving a Soviet nuclear attack.2 Those same features of decentralization and flexibility that should make it militarily invulnerable contributed to giving us the Internet of today: an international, chaotic, dense bazaar inhabited by all kinds of people. This paper is intended to discuss the relationships in social worlds built by people on computer networks. Virtual communities has lately become a fashionable term which is used as a metaphor to indicate the articulated pattern of relationships, roles, norms, institutions, and languages developed on-line. This is not to say that the term virtual community is to be taken as a positive value in itself, nor that as an enthusiastic or optimistic view of computer networks. ...read more.


Even when the design of research does expect some data referring to the real world, it is never correct to accept these data without keeping in mind that obtaining information about someone's off-line life through on-line means of communication - although seemingly easy and convenient - is always a hazardous, uncertain procedure, not simply because of the risk of being deliberately deceived but also because in such cases the medium itself increases the lack of ethnographic context discussed above and it may also produce misunderstandings due to different communication codes. More social-oriented ethnographic studies on CMC have appropriately identified the existence of strategies of visibility of the actors which make up for the lack of traditional interpersonal cues and which indeed permit the development of a status differentiation9. Another example where the complexity and richness of on-line social worlds have often been underestimated is in the analysis of power and status relationships. Well-known laboratory experiments comparing face-to-face communication with electronic mail found that computer networks have a status equalization effect10; a few field studies confirmed that organizational electronic mail reduces social differences and increases communication across social boundaries11. CONCLUSION Finally, it could be useful to note that many of the most interesting virtual communities are also very proud of their exclusive culture. ...read more.


Qualitative Sociology, 10, 251-266. Metaworlds. Wired, 4.06,142-212. Mnookin, J.L. (1996). Virtual(ly) law: The emergence of law in LambdaMOO. Journal of Computer Mediated-Communication [On-line], 2 (1). Available: WWW URL http://www.usc.edu/dept/annenberg/vol2/issue1/lambda.html Reid, E. (1995). Virtual worlds: Culture and imagination. In S. Jones (Ed.) Cybersociety: Computer-mediated communication and community (pp. 164-183). Thousand Oaks: Sage. * Schwandt, T. (1994). Constructivist, interpretivist approaches to human inquiry. In N. Denzin & Y. Lincoln (Eds.) Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 118-137). Thousand Oaks: Sage. * Spears, R. & Lea, M. (1992). Social influence and the influence of the social in computer-mediated communication. in M. Lea (Ed.) Contexts of computer-mediated communication (pp. 30-65). Hemel-Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. * Sproull, L. & Kiesler, S. (1986). Reducing social context cues: Electronic mail in organizational communication. Management Science, 32, 11, 1492-1512 Society, 12, 2,107-117. * Walther, J. (1992). Interpersonal effects in computer-mediated interaction: A relational Perspective. Communication Research, 19, 1, 52-90. 1 Croft, Lea, & Giordano, 1994 2 Miller, 1996. 3 Jones, 1995b; McLaughlin et al. 1995 4 Geertz [1973] 5 Bruckman, 1992; Marvin, 1995]; Mnookin, 1996; Reid, 1995 6 Dubrovsky, Kiesler & Sethna, 1991; Sproull & Kiesler, 1986 7[Lea & Spears, 1995]; [Mantovani, 1994]; [Myers, 1987]; [Spears & Lea, 1992]; [Walther, 1992]) 8 see Spears and Lea, [1992], [ 1994]) 9 Bruckman, 1992 10 Dubrovsky, Kiesler & Sethna, 1991 11 Sproull & Kielser, 1986 12 Berger & Luckmann, 1966 On-line and Off-line Personae in the Virtual Community 1 2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Preventing and Reducing Crime

    3 star(s)

    An example of irrational behaviour would be a mother walking her six-year-old daughter across the street and without looking the daughter runs out in front of a car, but just in time the mother pulls her daughter back in. As the mother has a rush of adrenaline through sheer fright,

  2. Conformity discussion.

    Whether participants did not conform is also questionable; the test for significance takes into account every estimate thus estimates that were significantly lower or higher than the others swayed the test for significance rendering it insignificant. It is also true that the number of participants that were selected was very

  1. Behavioural Management Strategies

    If the parents of the child can be empowered to build their esteem this will benefit their child as the parent will feel more confident in how they are dealing with their child's behaviour. This is in order to break the cycle of poor behaviour receiving poor response or reinforcement allowing the parent to take full control of the situation.

  2. social interaction

    Ms Brown may experience frustration when moving house. This could be due to several reasons. Although been a lone parent was Ms Brown's choice it may make life difficult at this moment in time as she has the move to do alone.

  1. Acrobatics Workshop

    Each person leans back carefully with full body strength by stretching their arms. The challenge is to maintain balance. C. All participants stand together in a circle and hold hands. Count off into 1's and 2's. On the signal, using all their strength, the 1's lean inside while the 2's lean outside.

  2. Sexual dysfunctions are dyadic phenomena. Discuss.

    Likewise, he also has a need to feel important or "safe", but his partner's lack of attention causes negative reflection of self. Therefore, he blames either himself or put blame on her to justify her refusal or her lack of interest (Schnarch, D., 2000).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work