• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate at least two theories of aggression

Extracts from this document...


Outline and evaluate at least two theories of aggression- The two theories of aggression I have focused on are social learning theory and deindividuation. Social learning theory Bandura (1965) claims that aggressive behaviour is learned either through direct experience or vicarious experience. The social learning theory suggests that we primarily learn to be aggressive by observing the aggressive behaviour of those around us, in particular someone significant in our lives. The idea of direct experience is taken from Skinners principal of operant conditioning. For example if a child pushes another child and gets rewarded for it, the behaviour is encouraged and is likely to be repeated. Vicarious behaviour is learned through observational experience. Theorists say that for behaviour to be adapted it must be reinforced in order to be rewarding in some way. ...read more.


However, questions are raised about aggression towards human beings as Bobo dolls are toys and do not retaliate when hit. The study also contains ethical issues, as questions are raised as to whether children suffered future aggressive behaviour problems as it suggested that they were not debriefed or told what was 'the right thing.' Other investigations have cast a doubt on Bandura's conclusion of children learning aggressive behaviour merely through a film, in one study nursery school children who behaved most violently towards the doll were also rated by their teachers and peers as being most violently generally (Johnston et al 1977). A particular strength of the social learning theory is its ability to explain differences in levels of aggression in different cultures. ...read more.


The study is shown to have many issues with it starting from its deterministic view, giving participants lack of control. The lack of conformed consent resulted in the prisoners experiencing a lot of humiliation and distress. Harm was done to participants physically and psychologically. The lack of ecological validity means that the conditions may not correlate with real prison life. This study is seen to be similar to the Abu Gharib Prison study. There is much evidence that deindividuation may sometimes produce prosocial behaviour rather than antisocial behaviour. According to the deindividuation perspective when we are submerged in a group, this undermines the influence of social norms. There has also been much evidence of deindividuation in football crowds. The stereotypical images of fans on the rampage suggest aggressive and antisocial behaviour. Jyotsna Choudrie ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Psychology Questions Ansewered

    Bandura, Ross and Ross (aggression) Deregowski (perception) Gould (IQ Testing) Gardner and Gardner (Project Washoe) a) What do these studies tell us about how behaviour is learned or inherited? [10] b) What problems may psychologists have when they investigate whether behaviour is learned or inherited?

  2. conjugal roles

    In my results I have presented the easy to understand pie charts one after another with texts explaining them underneath each chart. You can also draw conclusions from the simple way that I represented my results and make assumptions. I went into this research trying to find out whether conjugal

  1. Outline and evaluate two theories of aggression.

    These scripts are then stored in memory, strengthened and elaborated through repetition and rehearsal. The relationship between observations of aggression in the media and subsequent aggressive behaviour is complex. Manstead et al highlighted several variables that may influence this. If the observed violence is thought to be real it is

  2. Deindividuation theories.

    This appears to confirm the tenets of deindividuation theory. However, Johnson and Downing claim that Zimbardo was successful with his associations because subjects who wore Ku Klux Klan (KKK) outfits are anonymous anyway and were acting differently because they were adhering to the stereotype that the costume induced. To support such a statement, they replicated Zimbardo's experiment but gave half the subjects KKK outfits and half a nurse's outfit.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work