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Outline and evaluate one or more explanations of attachment

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Introduction

Outline and evaluate one or more explanations of attachment John Bowlby believed that infants and carers are innately programmed to become attached; he believed that attachment is important for survival due to human infants being physically helpless and need adults to feed, care and to protect them. The infants are born with a tendency to form an attachment with whatever serves to increase their chances of survival; adults are also programmed to attach to their infants. Another proposition made by Bowlby was that attachment plays a role in later development - monotropy and the continuity hypothesis; he argued the ...read more.

Middle

The continuity hypothesis, Bowlby argued that what happens early in life continues to have an impact later on e.g. a good relationship in early life continues to good relationships in later life. Secure infants develop a positive working model of themselves based on the feeling of security derived from having a relationship with a caregiver with certain qualities such as: stimulation, consistency, sensitivity, and responsiveness. Avoidant infants are assumed to have a working model of themselves as unworthy due to the primary caregiver rejecting the infant's needs. ...read more.

Conclusion

Support found adolescent social competence to be associated with an early secure attachment. However it could be explained via the temperament hypothesis, being born with a personality and how people respond to you. Also his theory has many practical applications involving children's care both at home and outside the home due to it leading to a greater understanding of infant's nearly social development. Despite this we cannot explain why some children are able to cope with poor attachment experiences when others suffer long term negative consequences. ...read more.

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