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Outline and evaluate one or more psychological approaches to one eating disorder.

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Introduction

Outline and evaluate one or more psychological approaches to one eating disorder. (25 marks) In an attempt to explain obesity and the failure of diets, many studies have shown that restrained eating may be the cause of overeating and weight gain. The Restrained theory was developed by Herman and Mack (1975) as a way to explain both the causes and consequences associated with the restrictions of food intake. They suggested that attempting not to eat often increases the chances of the individual overeating. However it is found that people are also told that restraint is a solution to weightloss and excessive eating. This can often enough lead to failed diets leaving the individual feeling depressed about their inability to control their weight. ...read more.

Middle

However, if they violate their dietary limit, they tend to attribute it to their own useless nature and their inability to stick to a diet. Laboratory studies have shown that restrained eaters often overeat after high calorie preloads. Reviews of controlled studies dieting in the real world similarly conclude that reducing calorie input through dieting is not an effective method of losing weight (Mann et al, 2007). In the long term, between one and two thirds of dieters end up regaining more weight than they lost in the diet. Finally repeated attempts of dieting (yo-yo dieting) can in the long term increase the risks of heart disease. However, much of the experimental work is carried out under controlled conditions in the laboratory. ...read more.

Conclusion

The results showed that those who had failed the tested opted for larger amounts of food than those who had passed the test. Schachter (1968) developed an emotionality theory of obesity which claimed that although many people eat for emotional reasons; this is particularly the case for people who are obese. However since the research generated contradictory results further research into whether obese people eat more than non-obese people for emotional reasons. Hunger is associated with increased arousal, vigilance and irritability, while after a meal we feel calm and sleepy and have general pleasuring feelings. Studies have also shown that people who are depressed or stressed increase their carbohydrate (especially sugar) and fat content of their meals, Gibson (2006). ...read more.

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