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Outline and evaluate one or more theories into the formation of relationships

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´╗┐Outline and evaluate one or more theories into the formation of relationships (24) There are many theories into the formation of romantic relationships. One theory proposed was the reward/need satisfaction model by Byrne and Clore. They suggested that we spend time in a relationship because we find rewarding, or some people find life alone and unpleasant. Partners may reward us directly by meeting our needs such as friendship, love and sex or indirectly as they are associated with pleasant situations. ...read more.


Some research suggests that people are liked is because they are associated with positive things. If we meet someone when we are in a good mood then we are more likely to warm to them and find them attractive. May and Hamilton tested this theory by getting groups of female students to look at pictures of male students and say if they like the look of them or not. One group looked at the pictures while pleasant music was being played, another group looked while unpleasant music was being played and a control group looked with no music. ...read more.


There are also limitations to this theory as non western cultures act differently. They are not as concerned about receiving reinforcement. Hill showed that family bonds have a large influence effect, resilient and are not dependent on reinforcement. It has also been shown that there are not just cultural differences but gender differences as well. There is evidence that in many cultures the women are seen to be more worried about pleasing the needs of other around them (husband, children), rather than the needs of themselves. This could be argued that by pleasing others they are reinforcing themselves. ...read more.

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