• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate Piagets theory of cognitive development (9+16marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and evaluate Piaget?s theory of cognitive development (9+16marks) Piaget?s theory of cognitive development focuses on two factors that play a role in the development; the environment and biological maturation. Piaget identifies the child as a scientist, that it?s about self-discovery and that the knowledge shouldn?t just be passed down because it prevents the child from learning anything for themselves. He also focuses on how cognition determines language, how adaptation to the environment is through two schemas (assimilation and accommodation), each of the four stages differ from each other and finally that development is as a result of biological maturation. Piaget identified four stages and four mechanisms linking to his theory of cognitive development. The four mechanisms include; schema (a package of knowledge/behaviour that?s applied to a specific aspect of the world), accommodation (previously learnt knowledge/behaviour is transferred to another aspect of the world), assimilation (previously learnt knowledge/behaviour is linked to a new aspect of the world) and finally equilibration (this is maintaining balance between the individual and the world and links in with two processes which are assimilation and accommodation). Piaget?s four stages include firstly sensori-motor stage that occurs between the ages of 0-18 months and continues into later life. ...read more.

Middle

different angle which wasn?t always the correct one but those around the ages of 7-8 months would consistently choose the correct answer. The third stage of Piaget?s theory is the concrete operational stage which occurs around the ages of 7-11 years old. This is when the child has now developed empathy and has become aware of the consequences of their actions. Children are now beginning to develop logical thinking and common sense such as being aware that if they fail to do their homework they will get a detention. A study that links to this stage is the conservation (beaker) test. In order for a child to have developed conservation is understanding that the volume of an object can remain the same even if it appears not to be. In this study 3 beakers were used. Two were of the same height and length and the third one was a cross-section and was wider and shorter than the first two. Firstly the child was asked if the first beakers that looked the same, had the same amount of volume of water in them. ...read more.

Conclusion

Those from LEDC countries are likely to be a lot slow in their biological maturation ? this hasn?t been considered. Secondly it?s difficult to replicate Piaget?s theory and it can only be replicated if the researcher carries it out in exactly the same way as Piaget did. Piaget also has been criticised from not considering individual differences because childrens? development will differ. Biological factors are not really considered as some children may inherently be ?smarter? than other children such as being born as geniuses etc therefore Piaget underestimated childrens? capability. There is also the criticism of demand characteristics as it?s believed that Piaget?s studies had an influence in the way children would answer. Children tended to be asked the same question twice so this could have influenced them to answer differently from the way they had originally planned to. Piaget?s theory has been criticised for being ethnocentric bias as it lacks generalizability and can only be applied to the culture that Piaget studied ? and on the children he studied, including his own. Finally there is also the question of the scientific method that has been used. Piaget carried out the interviews and observations by himself so we can?t be a 100% certain that it?s valid. We can only go with the evidence that Piaget ?found?. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    What have been the major challenges to Piaget's theory of cognitive development? What aspects ...

    4 star(s)

    The stages theory is open to criticism as they are too rigid and neglects individual differences such as memory span, motivation etc. Piaget also underestimated the age at which children could do things. This maybe because he failed to distinguish between competence and performance.

  2. counselling stages of attachement

    Findings - * They found that a higher percentage of children in day care developed insecure attachments than children who stayed at home, if this day care had started in the first year of life, and had been for more than 20 hours per week.

  1. Describe and evaluate Piaget's theory of cognitive development

    The pre-operational stage occurs during the ages of 2-7. This stage is further categorised into two further substages - preconceptual and intuitive. The preconceptual stage occurs between 2-4 years, and children at this stage find seriation tasks such as placing objects in height order very difficult.

  2. Discuss Piaget's theory of cognitive development

    The first stage in his model is the sensori-motor stage which lasts from birth to about 2 years old. The key achievements of this stage are object permanence (an awareness that objects continue to exist even if cannot be seen), and imitation.

  1. Describe & evaluate Piaget's theory of cognitive development in children.

    Piaget believed that cognitive development went through stages. When a child shows similar ways of thinking across a wide range of situations or problems there is relative stability. But if this thinking is challenged by new information or are experiences that cannot be assimilated, then this may lead to a major reorganisation of schemas.

  2. Samuel and Bryant (conservation)Bandura, Ross and Ross (aggression)Hraba and Grant (doll choice) a. What ...

    The participants of Samuel and Bryant's study were 252 boys and girls between the ages of 5 and 8.5 years old. This portrays a combination of children in the preoperational stage and the concrete operational stage. They were divided into 4 subgroups of 63 children whose mean ages were 5

  1. Describe how Piaget's approach to children's intellectual development has been extended to explain their ...

    Social development was neglected by Piaget, he believed it to run a similar path to that of intellectual development, but in parallel. He believed each had little effect on the other. In T.V. program 2 some preschool children were shown playing alongside each other, each absorbed in their own individual activities.

  2. Piaget's Developmental Psychology. He believed that childrens logic changed as they developed through their ...

    as it reached for the toy the lights were switched off this showed that even when the lights were off the child continued to reach for the toy. It can be argued that the child was not reaching out for the toy but was just reaching due to the discomfort of the sudden darkness.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work