• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and Evaluate research in to Obedience

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Outline and Evaluate research in to Obedience: Milgram carried out research into obedience in 1963. He used a volunteer sample to gather 40 male volunteers that were given the incentive of $4.50. The participants were deceived into believing that they were giving electric shocks to a learner, that was, in reality a confederate. They believed that giving the shocks was a part of a study that was researching the role of punishment in learning. The participants were under the impression that the learner?s task was to memorise a series of words, and for every incorrect answer the participant was instructed to administer a shock that increased by an interval of 15 volts with every mistake made. In reality no shocks were administered but the participants were led to believe the contrary. The confederate, to begin with, answered correctly but then begun to make mistakes and the highest shock in volts that the participant was willing to administer was recorded. ...read more.


Alternatively, they could give no shocks at all, as they would not want to be shown through the research as the type of person who would on command, give shocks to a person of 450 volts. Milgram?s study has very low Population Validity. This is due to the fact the research was not only ethnocentric, by it being carried out in America, which makes it culture bound, but andocentric too because the participants were all male. In addition to this, the sample was obtained through volunteers. This can serve as an indication of the type of people the participants were; helpful and willing to be of assistance. Considering the research was based around obedience, it could be argued that this type of person would be more likely to be the type of person that would obey. This lowers the population validity even further. It can be argued that Milgram?s study has internal validity because it was controlled and for this reason the reliability of the study can be assessed because the research is replicable. ...read more.


Doing so would break several rules of the hospital and despite there being no doctor of the name Smith at the hospital 21 out of 22 of the nurses complied to the instruction. Each nurse was intercepted by a confederate and debriefed before any harm was done. Like Milgram this study showed high levels of obedience from the participants, yet similarly there were flaws to the research. For instance having being carried out in the 1960s, Hofling?s research is arguable historically biased; medical standards have increased a huge amount since the research was carried out and policies on administering drugs have no doubt become stricter. However, the reliability of the study cannot be assessed in modern day society due to the fact it was a field experiment yet also because of the ethical guidelines that are now in place. The reliability of the research is questioned in the results of similar experiments as they presented hugely different findings. Not only is Hofling?s research arguably historically biased it is potentially culturally biased too. Having been carried out in the west, the laws of medicine could be hugely different to the laws in other countries. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work