• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate research into the effects of day care on social development. (24 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Outline and evaluate research into the effects of day care on social development. (24 marks) There have been many studies carried out into finding the effects of day care on children?s social development. Some have concluded that day care is detrimental children?s social development and, therefore, caregivers should be inclined to limit the amount of day care their child receives. Nevertheless, other studies final results have lead them to believe that day care can be highly beneficial to development, so opposes psychologists who believe day care is damaging. One such study which concluded that day care, in replacement for care provided by the primary caregiver (usually the mother), is profoundly harmful to the development of children in a social capacity is that by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). This longitudinal study in America observed children from various family types and from a wide range of locations. To gain the data which is needed for translation, into results which prove one way or another effects of day care, was gathered by assessing both the children and their parents at regular intervals. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, the data obtained in the study has been documented in such a way that it exaggerates the effects of day care on aggression. Children who were not in full-time day care but definitely for a substantial time (between 10 and 30 hours), most of whom, did not show any signs of amplified levels of aggression. On the other hand, there were many aspects of this study which enhanced its reliability such as the fact that the participants were selected from relatively diverse locations and from different family types. This will have made the findings more applicable to real life as they are not relative to one area or family type. Finally, the data gathered was not retrospective, meaning that the results used for their conclusion were gained first hand by those carrying out the study so there is no chance of exaggeration, mistake or lying unlike if the parent was asked about care arrangements years ago. As I have explained, there are two sides to this argument, a study which claims that it has found evidence to support the belief that day care can be beneficial for children is that by Clarke-Stewart et al. ...read more.

Conclusion

Similarly with the opposing study I have explained, the findings are correlational so the psychologists have explained the results in such a way that it is suggested that one factor caused another when there is no tangible evidence to support that. Secondly, it could be a possibility that unsociable children inherit that trait from their parents and who therefore, due to their unsociability, do not want to place their children in day care, themselves, to avoid contact with others. Consequently, only outgoing children attend day care. Furthermore, in the study itself it is unclear whether the children were observed in different locations and from diverse family types. Yet, the experiment did observe a reasonably large group of children which would make the findings more reliable. Due to the similar amount and strength of evidence on both sides of the argument it would be very difficult to take a side on the issue using the studies available. There are many factors which could lead you to believe that the studies are unreliable and irrelevant but it would be almost impossible to prove either way unequivocally. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and Evaluate research into the effects of day care on social development

    3 star(s)

    Both these studies contradict the ones mentioned earlier and suggest that more time spent in daycare with peers will lead to a more aggressive and disobedient child. Although these findings contradict one another, there is a clear explanation as explained by Campbell, Lamb and Hwang (2000).

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and evaluate the impact of day care on social development.

    However not all children benefit from day care. Those with shy and difficult temperaments may have found the experience stressful, with consequent negative effects on their social development. Clarke-Stewart et al (1994) also demonstrated that there was no difference in the amount of distress shown between high-level day care children (over 30 hours per week)

  1. MENTORSHIP ASSESSING

    for practice; * Provide augmented feedback on performance; * Prompt students to use intrinsic feedback; and * Encourage transfer of existing similar skills by pointing out their similarity (Quinn, 2000). It was irrelevant for the author to divide this particular skill into part-skills as Rachel had practiced it previously, and so the skill was taught using Quinn's whole-learning method.

  2. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    Also avoiding books and games, which demonstrate gender stereotypes. Even from a very young age children are aware of racial differences and racial prejudices. Young children are influenced by images, ideas and attributes with create prejudice and lead to discrimination. Research shows that by the age of 3 years old children can differentiate between skin colours.

  1. Samuel and Bryant (conservation)Bandura, Ross and Ross (aggression)Hraba and Grant (doll choice) a. What ...

    * Boys were more aggressive than girls~ The study concludes that boys showed more imitative physical aggression than girls. Although this suggests that boys may be more inclined to copy aggressive behaviours, this does not really allow us to conclude anything about the nature-nurture debate.

  2. Psychology Cae Studies

    results Tests were done to see if brain damage impacted upon the results. No difference was found except for the results of the corpus callosum-showed differences in levels of activity. Special Note You maybe asked what defences did the researchers use to justify their findings.

  1. What causes crime?

    Bandura's Approach Bandura (1963) suggested that there are three influences on behaviour: external reinforcement, vicarious reinforcement and self reinforcement. External reinforcement is thought to be through operant conditioning, learning the consequences of your actions. Vicarious reinforcement is learning by watching other people, also known as observational learning.

  2. Description and Evaluation of the St. Andrew Parish Church Care Centre.

    in terms of behavioural change and self-identity (ii) improvement in educational standards and (iii) economic empowerment by way of the acquisition of skills. > To discover to what extent the church is contributing to the alleviation of poverty and indiscipline in Jamaica through the work of the Care Centre.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work