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Outline and evaluate research into the effects of day care on social development. (24 marks)

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Introduction

Outline and evaluate research into the effects of day care on social development. (24 marks) There have been many studies carried out into finding the effects of day care on children?s social development. Some have concluded that day care is detrimental children?s social development and, therefore, caregivers should be inclined to limit the amount of day care their child receives. Nevertheless, other studies final results have lead them to believe that day care can be highly beneficial to development, so opposes psychologists who believe day care is damaging. One such study which concluded that day care, in replacement for care provided by the primary caregiver (usually the mother), is profoundly harmful to the development of children in a social capacity is that by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). This longitudinal study in America observed children from various family types and from a wide range of locations. To gain the data which is needed for translation, into results which prove one way or another effects of day care, was gathered by assessing both the children and their parents at regular intervals. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, the data obtained in the study has been documented in such a way that it exaggerates the effects of day care on aggression. Children who were not in full-time day care but definitely for a substantial time (between 10 and 30 hours), most of whom, did not show any signs of amplified levels of aggression. On the other hand, there were many aspects of this study which enhanced its reliability such as the fact that the participants were selected from relatively diverse locations and from different family types. This will have made the findings more applicable to real life as they are not relative to one area or family type. Finally, the data gathered was not retrospective, meaning that the results used for their conclusion were gained first hand by those carrying out the study so there is no chance of exaggeration, mistake or lying unlike if the parent was asked about care arrangements years ago. As I have explained, there are two sides to this argument, a study which claims that it has found evidence to support the belief that day care can be beneficial for children is that by Clarke-Stewart et al. ...read more.

Conclusion

Similarly with the opposing study I have explained, the findings are correlational so the psychologists have explained the results in such a way that it is suggested that one factor caused another when there is no tangible evidence to support that. Secondly, it could be a possibility that unsociable children inherit that trait from their parents and who therefore, due to their unsociability, do not want to place their children in day care, themselves, to avoid contact with others. Consequently, only outgoing children attend day care. Furthermore, in the study itself it is unclear whether the children were observed in different locations and from diverse family types. Yet, the experiment did observe a reasonably large group of children which would make the findings more reliable. Due to the similar amount and strength of evidence on both sides of the argument it would be very difficult to take a side on the issue using the studies available. There are many factors which could lead you to believe that the studies are unreliable and irrelevant but it would be almost impossible to prove either way unequivocally. ...read more.

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