• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and Evaluate research into the effects of day care on social development

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and Evaluate research into the effects of day care on social development There has been a lot of research looking into the effects day care has on a child's social development. A general observation suggests that children attending daycare at nurseries generally have more contact with other children of a similar age than children who are cared for at home, thus providing them with more opportunity to develop social skills such as sharing and talking to others. Children who are home reared may not get these opportunities and therefore will not be as sociable. A lot of research points to day care having positive effects on social development, this is shown by Anderssons (1989,1992) studies in which he found that children who attended daycare were able to get along with other children better, were more sociable and outgoing and had better abilities to play with peers than those who did not attend daycare. Another study which found positive effects on social development was by Moely and Frank (1998) ...read more.

Middle

To try and address these issues they carried out a longitudinal study to look at quantity and quality of care. They took a group of children from Gothenburg who attended childcare continuously between the ages of 18 months and 3 and a half years. Nine attended family based care and 30 attended nursery with a further nine switching from family to nursery during this study. They were compared with children who had applied for day care places but who did not obtain them, they were observed in their homes at 18 months playing with familiar peers. Researcher assessed standard of care the child was receiving at home. After day care had started they were visited in the nursery and observed playing with other children for 30 minutes, this gave the researchers a baseline at 18 months to see how socially skilled the children were before care started. These two assessments were repeated when the child was 2 and a half and 3 and a half years old. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although this is one of the most reliable studies carried out about the effects of daycare on social development it still has some problems, the fact it was carried out in Sweden is unrepresentative of other countries in the world, and is difficult to draw comparisons as Sweden's childcare is very well funded. As with all of the research into the effects of daycare it is very important to gain the parents full consent when working with children and also requires sensitivity from the researchers allowing participants to drop out of the study at anytime, however this may give unreliable results if a majority were to drop out. The research that has gone into this has mostly taken place in a surrounding which is familiar to the child so it is easier to relate this research to real life as real life situations have been implemented and observed. The studies carried out have shown that it can be difficult to assess the effects of daycare on social development as all of the following will need to be taken into consideration: variety of day care settings, time spent in daycare, child's temperaments, quality of daycare and the mothers attitudes towards chilcare. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Summary

The writer has presented all the main evidence that is required and has concluded that it is the quality of day care which is important. The writing needs more structure however, and needs an introduction that sets out the initial argument about day care. The writer can then go on to produce the evidence for and against. Also, there is a bit too much detail with regards the studies and not enough focus on the results. It would be advisable to add some evidence with regards the very young children, under two years, which caused some controversy, since it concluded children so young should not be in day care.

Overall this is a short, well informed essay on day care.

3 stars

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 01/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Piaget's and Freud's Child development theories

    4 star(s)

    However the wants and demands of the Id are not realistic or needed, this is where the Ego takes force. The Ego develops in early infancy and its job is to control and satisfy the Ids impulses so they are realistic in the real world.

  2. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    Fine manipulative activities often involve a little hand-eye co-ordination. Hand-eye co-ordination is actually a separate skill. A treasure basket, feely bag for example, requires fine manipulative skills but no hand-eye co-ordination. * Fine motor skills- these are small movements using the whole hand and wrist such as twisting a doorknob or opening a jar.

  1. Discuss the effects of parenting style on children's development.

    Children, whose parents have low expectations for them, develop low expectations for themselves. Children whose parents set unreasonable high expectations for them, become frustrated, angry, and develop a sense of self as a failure. Clearly also, parents need to communicate these goals to their children.

  2. Describe and evaluate Piaget's theory of cognitive development

    Wheldall and Poborca (1980) claimed, as mentioned previously, that children often fail on conservation tasks as they do not understand the question. They devised a non-verbal version of the liquid task, which was based on operant conditioning. Only 28% of their 6-7 year old participants showed conservation with the standard

  1. Factors that Affect Growth and Development.

    He considered that at each stage, we face a dilemma or conflict and that, like Freud, the outcome of each stage would determine our personality. Erikson emphasized developmental change throughout the human life span. In Erikson's theory, eight stages of development unfold as we go through the life span.

  2. Theories of Human Development - Stages of Development

    People who believe in 'genetic determinism' are likely to understand life in terms of fixed patterns of growth and decline. (cited in (editor) Niel Moonie published by Heinermann (2000 ) Advanced Health and Social Care p 311 Freud and Erikson's Stages of Development Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

  1. Outline and evaluate Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis.

    This supports Bowlby's work as he talked of the same critical period. Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis was based on his own research. He worked as a psychiatrist at the London Child Guidance Clinic during the 1930's. He recorded cases of some of the boys which then formed the basis of his research.

  2. Outline and evaluate research into the effects of institutionalisation.

    He found that those who were adopted before the age of 6 months showed normal levels of development. Those who were adopted after the 6 months showed disinhibited attachments and problems with peers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work