• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and Evaluate research into the effects of day care on social development

Extracts from this document...


Outline and Evaluate research into the effects of day care on social development There has been a lot of research looking into the effects day care has on a child's social development. A general observation suggests that children attending daycare at nurseries generally have more contact with other children of a similar age than children who are cared for at home, thus providing them with more opportunity to develop social skills such as sharing and talking to others. Children who are home reared may not get these opportunities and therefore will not be as sociable. A lot of research points to day care having positive effects on social development, this is shown by Anderssons (1989,1992) studies in which he found that children who attended daycare were able to get along with other children better, were more sociable and outgoing and had better abilities to play with peers than those who did not attend daycare. Another study which found positive effects on social development was by Moely and Frank (1998) ...read more.


To try and address these issues they carried out a longitudinal study to look at quantity and quality of care. They took a group of children from Gothenburg who attended childcare continuously between the ages of 18 months and 3 and a half years. Nine attended family based care and 30 attended nursery with a further nine switching from family to nursery during this study. They were compared with children who had applied for day care places but who did not obtain them, they were observed in their homes at 18 months playing with familiar peers. Researcher assessed standard of care the child was receiving at home. After day care had started they were visited in the nursery and observed playing with other children for 30 minutes, this gave the researchers a baseline at 18 months to see how socially skilled the children were before care started. These two assessments were repeated when the child was 2 and a half and 3 and a half years old. ...read more.


Although this is one of the most reliable studies carried out about the effects of daycare on social development it still has some problems, the fact it was carried out in Sweden is unrepresentative of other countries in the world, and is difficult to draw comparisons as Sweden's childcare is very well funded. As with all of the research into the effects of daycare it is very important to gain the parents full consent when working with children and also requires sensitivity from the researchers allowing participants to drop out of the study at anytime, however this may give unreliable results if a majority were to drop out. The research that has gone into this has mostly taken place in a surrounding which is familiar to the child so it is easier to relate this research to real life as real life situations have been implemented and observed. The studies carried out have shown that it can be difficult to assess the effects of daycare on social development as all of the following will need to be taken into consideration: variety of day care settings, time spent in daycare, child's temperaments, quality of daycare and the mothers attitudes towards chilcare. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)


The writer has presented all the main evidence that is required and has concluded that it is the quality of day care which is important. The writing needs more structure however, and needs an introduction that sets out the initial argument about day care. The writer can then go on to produce the evidence for and against. Also, there is a bit too much detail with regards the studies and not enough focus on the results. It would be advisable to add some evidence with regards the very young children, under two years, which caused some controversy, since it concluded children so young should not be in day care.

Overall this is a short, well informed essay on day care.

3 stars

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 01/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    Fine manipulative activities often involve a little hand-eye co-ordination. Hand-eye co-ordination is actually a separate skill. A treasure basket, feely bag for example, requires fine manipulative skills but no hand-eye co-ordination. * Fine motor skills- these are small movements using the whole hand and wrist such as twisting a doorknob or opening a jar.

  2. Discuss problems inherent to diagnosis and classification of abnormality

    differing level of brain chemicals or an over or under sensitivity of the brain to some of its own chemicals and therefore should be treated in the same way as a physical illness. Chua and McKenna (1995) wrote that the brains of patients with schizophrenia were smaller and had larger

  1. Plan, implement and evaluate at least three activities for children in the foundation stage. ...

    Learning Experience Three The third learning experience is a music and movement activity. The areas of learning are personal development and creative development. The aspects to be covered within these areas are a sense of space and music. The activity aims to encourage children to show respect for other children's

  2. Discuss the effects of parenting style on children's development.

    Children, whose parents have low expectations for them, develop low expectations for themselves. Children whose parents set unreasonable high expectations for them, become frustrated, angry, and develop a sense of self as a failure. Clearly also, parents need to communicate these goals to their children.

  1. "Should homosexual couples be allowed to adopt children?"

    Some never find a suitable, permanent home. It is this critical shortage of adoptive parents which highlights the importance of every willing and able couple who requests a child to adopt. US Company Adopt America states that there are simply not enough married couples who are interested in adoption.

  2. Describe and evaluate Piaget's theory of cognitive development

    removing a cloth and grasping an object). Child may be limited by other factors (e.g. immature motor skills) rather than lack of understanding of situation. More recent studies have attempted to ask questions more clearly and to present situations to which children can relate more easily. Light et al.

  1. Communication skills in a group interaction.

    Communication that takes place in an early years setting has to that of a high standard to enhance the potential of the clients, especially when working with children because they tend to pick up on things much easier. Therefore teachers need to be trained, so they are fully aware of

  2. Outline and evaluate research into the effects of institutionalisation.

    He found that those who were adopted before the age of 6 months showed normal levels of development. Those who were adopted after the 6 months showed disinhibited attachments and problems with peers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work