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Outline and evaluate research into the effects of institutionalisation.

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Introduction

´╗┐Outline and evaluate research into the effects of institutionalisation. Hodges and Tizard researched institutionalisation by studying 65 infants who had been placed in an institution when they were less than 4 months old. By the age of 4, 24 infants had been adopted, 15 had been returned to their original homes, and the rest remained in the institution. They found that the children who had been adopted had good family relations and close attachments to their parents, however the restored children had poor relationships with their parents. ...read more.

Middle

A weakness of this study was that there was a lack of control of variables therefore there could be other factors that had an effect on the results. Also, the method of collecting data was interviews but a problem with this is demand characteristics and it would be difficult to tell whether the children and parents are being honest. Quinton carried out a study on women who were raised in institutions as children and found that they had difficulties when they became parents. ...read more.

Conclusion

The later the children were adopted, the longer it took for them to recover. He concluded that children would still be able to recover if they have the opportunity to form attachments in the first 6 months. This was a longitudinal study and so the children?s behaviors could be compared over a long period of time. A weakness of this study is that the parents may have picked the happier children to adopt therefore the results cannot necessarily be generalized to all children and institutions. Also, some of the children may have left the study over time which would lead to biased results. ...read more.

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