• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate research into the effects of misleading information on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Outline and evaluate research into the effects of misleading information on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. A study done by Loftus and Palmer into the accuracy of eyewitness testimony aimed to investigate the distortion of the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. In their study they showed 45 students were shown a series of videos before answering a series of questions. There was a critical question which was ?about how fast were the cars going when they hit each other?? One group of participants were given this question, while the other five groups were given the words, smashed, collided, bumped or contacted in place of the verb ?hit." ...read more.

Middle

This suggests that leading questions can have an effect on the accuracy of eyewitness? ability to recall. Loftus carried out an another experiment in which she showed her participants a film of events leading up to a car accident. One of the groups were asked consistent questions consistent to the film while the other group was asked the same question except for one concerning a barn. When the participants were asked to recall the film 17% of the misled group reported seeing a barn while only 3% of the other group claimed to have seen a barn. ...read more.

Conclusion

Foster et al. found that if the participants thought that they were watching a real robbery and that their response would influence the trail, their identification of the robber was more accurate. Furthermore, contradictory evidence from Yuille and Cutshall weakens the credibility of the study. They interviewed 13 people involved in armed robbery in Canada. They were interviewed 4 months after the incident, which included two misleading question. Despite this, the witnessed provided accurate recall that matched the detailed report. This suggests that post-event information may not affect memory in real life EWT. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Measurements of Accuracy of Eyewitness Testimonies

    4 star(s)

    Using an independent samples t-test, the results revealed that the difference between the means t(18)= 2.172, p<0.05, is statically significant. The independent groups t-test was implemented in this practical because ratio level data was used alongside the independent groups design.

  2. Report on Psychological Research into Eyewitness Testimony

    I knew that I was in trouble." The next day he was also able to recall conversations with his mother from after the mall scenario, claiming, "I remember mom telling me never to do that again." The memory appeared to be stronger after a few weeks had passed and Chris was invited to the laboratory.

  1. Investigating the effects of organisation on learning

    grid (one per participant; see Appendix 4); * Lined paper (one A4 sheet per participant); * Pen; * Stopwatch. Before carrying out the investigation, the word grids were prepared. Six words were chosen from each of the four different semantic categories: sports, animals, countries and colours.

  2. Outline and evaluate the research into eyewitness testimony.

    This study is a laboratory study (lab). The variables in a lab study can be manipulated so therefore this leaves a question of bias. The study could also be accused of lacking validity, as a different picture emerges from field studies in another EWT research study. Also, this experiment raises ethical issues about the welfare of the

  1. Memory and Eyewitness Testimony

    Williams found that 38% of women has no recall for the sexual abuse and of those that did recall it, 16% said that they had repressed it at some time. Abuse at an earlier age was most likely to be forgotten.

  2. Describe and Evaluate Research by E.Loftus into Eye Witness Testimony, the implications of the ...

    In total 36 convicted serial killers were interviewed, what was noted was the major personality dimensions that might be found in this type of offender and how these offenders personalities differed from those of the normal population. Along with crime scene evidence, the nature of the attacks, forensic evidence and information relating to the victim were also studied.

  1. Outline and evaluate the accuracy of eyewitness testimony

    However, the high level of control in the experiment created an artificial environment, causing the study to lack ecological validity as the task cannot be generalised to all real life incidents as it didn?t represent everyday events; participants were watching a film rather than watching a real life incident, so

  2. Outline and evaluate research into the effect of misleading information on the accuracy of ...

    as the one with the car travelling fastest, and contacted slowest., concluding that their hypothesis was correct, and leading questions do impact and distort memories when giving eyewitness testimony. One piece of supporting research is the broken headlight study, where participants were shown a clip of a car accident.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work