• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and Evaluate research into workplace stress

Extracts from this document...


Outline and Evaluate research into workplace stress There are many things in a workplace that can be found stressful, it also depends on the type of job a person is in, for example; a soldier would be put under more stress than an author. There are many factors in the work environment that can affect the levels of stress put on a person The stress levels of two groups of Swedish sawmill workers were compared. The finisher's job was to finish off the wood at the last stage of processing timber. The work was machine paced, isolated, very repetitive yet highly skilled, and the finishers productivity determined the wage rates for the entire factory. ...read more.


The study is a natural experiment which means we cannot infer cause and effect. It may not be the job itself that leads to illness but another factor. In addition the study does not indentify which of the work stressors may be the most stressful. Marmot et al (1997) carried out a study which supported Johansen's experiment, he questioned 7,372 London dwelling civil servants and checked them for signs of cardiovascular disease. 5 years later the participants were reassessed. The questionnaire used measured sense of job control and social support. Employment grade was recorded as a measure of job demand. Lifestyle factors such as smoking were also taken into account. ...read more.


Civil servants are not typical of the wider population as they are urban dwellers who most probably quite job-orientated and ambitious. One study found that individuals are more affected by workplace stressors. Therefore, it is possible that not everyone will be affected by low control in the way civil servants were. Researchers often need to use techniques such as deception and uninformed consent in order to obtain ecologically valid results. How ethically acceptable these methods are depend on any long-term effects of the research, and exactly what the research has discovered. The British Psychological Society (BPS) has ethical guidelines which include deception, informed consent, protection from harm and right to withdraw, all of which must be adhered to in a piece of research. Milgram's experiment on obedience to authority used staged electric shocks in order to test how far participants would follow orders. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Anxiety disorders

    Neurotic anxiety is dealt with though an unconscious distortion of reality by means of 'defence mechanisms'. These allow the ego to discharge some id energy .without facing up to its true nature. In effect, defence mechanisms are a disguised outlet for basic desires.

  2. "Stress in the workplace will become the epidemic of the 21st century." Outline and ...

    At the end of the study it was found that participants in the higher grades had developed fewest cardiovascular problems. Participants in the lower grades expressed a weaker sense of job control and also had poorest social support. It was found that cardiovascular disease could in part be explained in terms of risk factors such as smoking.

  1. Eating Disorders

    Research has focused on the relationship dynamics within the family. Aim - Humphrey investigated the way families with an anorexic daughter communicated. Method - He used the structural analysis of social behaviour which is a method used to analyse the interactions of families.

  2. Sp Types of stress

    environment, that individual would probably feel less tense and able to produce better results. Symptoms for psychological responses to stress are: ? Reduced concentration ? Less interested ? Unable to make decisions ? Sleep disturbances. ? Making mistakes ? Unable to relax ?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work