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Outline and Evaluate research into workplace stress

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Outline and Evaluate research into workplace stress There are many things in a workplace that can be found stressful, it also depends on the type of job a person is in, for example; a soldier would be put under more stress than an author. There are many factors in the work environment that can affect the levels of stress put on a person The stress levels of two groups of Swedish sawmill workers were compared. The finisher's job was to finish off the wood at the last stage of processing timber. The work was machine paced, isolated, very repetitive yet highly skilled, and the finishers productivity determined the wage rates for the entire factory. ...read more.


The study is a natural experiment which means we cannot infer cause and effect. It may not be the job itself that leads to illness but another factor. In addition the study does not indentify which of the work stressors may be the most stressful. Marmot et al (1997) carried out a study which supported Johansen's experiment, he questioned 7,372 London dwelling civil servants and checked them for signs of cardiovascular disease. 5 years later the participants were reassessed. The questionnaire used measured sense of job control and social support. Employment grade was recorded as a measure of job demand. Lifestyle factors such as smoking were also taken into account. ...read more.


Civil servants are not typical of the wider population as they are urban dwellers who most probably quite job-orientated and ambitious. One study found that individuals are more affected by workplace stressors. Therefore, it is possible that not everyone will be affected by low control in the way civil servants were. Researchers often need to use techniques such as deception and uninformed consent in order to obtain ecologically valid results. How ethically acceptable these methods are depend on any long-term effects of the research, and exactly what the research has discovered. The British Psychological Society (BPS) has ethical guidelines which include deception, informed consent, protection from harm and right to withdraw, all of which must be adhered to in a piece of research. Milgram's experiment on obedience to authority used staged electric shocks in order to test how far participants would follow orders. ...read more.

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