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Outline and evaluate the impact of day care on social development.

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Introduction

Outline and evaluate the impact of day care on social development. Day care or child care is care of a child during the day by a person other than the child's parents or legal guardians, typically someone outside the child's immediate family. Day care is usually provided in nurseries or cr�ches or by child minders, caring for children in their own homes. Babysitting is the occasional temporary care of a child during the absence of his or her parents, whereas day care is ongoing care during specific periods and is only temporary for periods, such as the parents' time at work. Day care can also take on a more formal structure, with education, child development, and even discipline, all falling into the fold of the service. As a temporary term, day care is an emotive issue and research has suggested that there are negative, as well as positive, effects from day care. ...read more.

Middle

when the mother departed. Research into day care had identified a number of factors that are involved in producing high quality day care, including the consistency of care - which means that a secure attachment is more likely to occur if the same caregiver consistently looks after the child. In many establishments a key worker is assigned to each child so that relationship can develop, although typical in childcare establishments, with a high staff turnover, they are less likely to provide consistent care. Lower staff to child ratios, usually of 1:3, means that children get more adult attention, also meaning that adults are able to be more sensitive to the individual needs of the children they are looking after and can provide suitable stimulating activities. Lastly high quality of care can be guaranteed because of procedures set in place such as Ofsted, also well trained staff can therefore be aware of issues such as the importance of sensitivity in the formation of attachment, and are able to provide suitable activities for each child's level of development. ...read more.

Conclusion

showed that children, who were in day care from early age, were more likely to be disobedient and aggressive. There is substantial refuting evidence of aggression, that there are other fundamental findings from the NICHD study which unfortunately, have not received as much publicity from the media. Gregg et al (2005) suggested that the only group of children affected by day care, were those who's care consisted solely on unpaid care, for example by a friend, relative or neighbor. This suggests that carers feel less responsibility to provide a high quality of physical and emotional care, unlike day care, because they are unpaid. Methodology suggests that most studies into the effects of day care are in correlation with nature e.g. they have uncovered a link, so we therefore cannot assume that experiences in day care actually cause sociability. For example, shy unsociable mothers have children that are of the same temperament - and they may perhaps prefer to stay at home to look after the children, it is said that the more outgoing children, are those who attend day care. ...read more.

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This essay deals with a difficult topic which has a huge range of possible material to choose from. Given this, material has been selected well - a good range of key research studies has been cited and the central issues have all been addressed. However, the structure needs some work - the issues would flow more logically if dealt with in this order: Bowlby's theory, evidence for weakened attachment; impact on aggression; impact on sociability; quality as a mediating factor in positive and negative outcomes. This structure would have produced more opportunities for discussion, which is lacking here. The essay also suffers from a lack of precision in the language used, which does sometimes obscure clarity and could have been resolved by proofreading and editing. So it only gets 2 stars.

Marked by teacher Jo Wilcox 06/04/2012

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