• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate the multi-store memory model

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Outline And Evaluate The Multi-Store Model The multi-store model of memory is an explanation of how the memory processes information. There are two memory stores within this model; they are short-term memory and long-term memory. Short-term memory has a capacity of 7+/-2 items, the duration of any information can last between 0-96 seconds and the encoding is either visual or acoustically, this idea relates back to cognitive processes; maintenance rehearsal, as this use of encoding is shallow processing, for example repetition, using acoustics and use of visuals to be able to recognise and identify a position of a photo. On the other hand long-term memory uses elaborative rehearsal, meaning a deeper process to be able to retrieve/recall memories and information, which is then recalled within our short-term memory. The capacity has the ability to be unlimitless as well as the duration. ...read more.


the words in the beginning so much that the information would transfer from STM to LTM. This caused participants to pay less attention to the words in the middle. Therefore, words at the end were remembered and made accessible via STM. This strengthens the validity of the multi-store model as this shows that short-term memory and long-term memory are two separate models found within the brain (STM, prefrontal cortex whereas LTM, hippocampus), which supports the prediction made from the multi-store. The process of rehearsal is also supported by the models prediction as words have been transferred from the beginning of the list from short-term memory to long-term memory, thus demonstrating evidence of primary effect. However, one problem with this research is that participants may have misheard the words, yet recalled the original words correctly. ...read more.


we must be able to remember numbers, pictures and letters. This means that we can generalise the results from this experiment, thus it can be taken outside the research environment and applicable in everyday life. A weakness of this model is that there is research that contradicts its predictions in that long-term memory is not one single store but is made of several sub-stores; the sub-stores consist of, procedural, episodic and semantic. This therefore weakens the validity of the model because it does not account for these other sub-stores that hold different units, making the multi-store model too simplistic. This is shown by Spiers experiment, of studying patients with amnesia. Overall there are many positives and negatives towards the idea of the multi-store model, in my opinion; I feel that there is more positive feedback towards this model as it demonstrates studies toward capacity, duration and encoding. And that the model produces testable predictions, which is important for the scientific process, to enable theory testing and verification. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and Evaluate 2 Models Of Memory

    4 star(s)

    Subvocal repetition maintains storage in STM and aids transfer to LTM. Repetition or rote rehearsal is a technique we all use to try to learn something. This transfers information into out long-term memory store. The duration and capacity of LTM are supposed to be unlimited.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and evaluate the Multi-store Model of memory.

    3 star(s)

    lifetime, although loss is possible from this store through decay or interference. In order to recall information, it must be 'retrieved' from the LTM to the STM. This information needs to be re-lived in the STM before it is released through action/ speech.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory.

    3 star(s)

    For the echoic store, the fact that we put together and understand sentences easily, rather than finding meaning in each individual word. For these type of studies, problems arise because everybodies minds are different with different memory capabilities, personalities etc so results are nearly impossible to generalise to all people.


    This informed them of what each of their individual results showed, and what conclusion we have made from their result in relation to the aim of the investigation. And it thanked them all for participating in the investigation. (See appendix 6)

  1. Memory: Rote Rehearsal and Mental Imagery.

    was confidential); saying they felt they would do better had they been told about the distracter task before the start of the experiment. To solve this, the standardised instruction could include more information about what the experiment involved in the approach.

  2. Investigating the short-term memory

    bowl consisting of 15 names of each sex, then 10 names of each sex was randomly picked out of a bowl. The 20 participants drawn randomly were put into 2 groups of 10 (consisting of 5 of each sex in each group), each names for each group were selected randomly again.

  1. Describe and evaluate the multistore model of memory

    Evidence to show the existence and capacity of the STM has long been researched. Although the model was developed much later, Jacobs (1887) used the digit span technique to test the capacity of memory and in the context of this model, the short term memory.

  2. Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory and One Alternative Model

    Baddeley's (1966) study into encoding in STM and LTM provides evidence for this idea. His aim was to explore the effects of both acoustic and semantic coding in short-term memory and long-term memory. Participants were asked to recall a list of five words in serial order immediately after presentation; the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work