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Outline and evaluate the multi-store model of memory.

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Introduction

Outline and evaluate the multi-store model of memory. The Multi- store model (MSM) of memory was proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin suggests that the memory is a flow of information through a system in a linear pattern. It consists of 3 distinct stages which are sensory memory (SM), short- term memory (STM) and long- term memory (LTM). the environmental stimulus first enters the SM in an uncoded form where it stays for a very brief period of time. In order for information to be passed to into STM, attention is vital. The STM can store ±7 items for approximately 15- 30 seconds acoustically. ...read more.

Middle

Further evidence for two separate store is provided by the medical technology such as PET and MRI scans which show different brain patterns when patients were carrying out tasks associated with STM and LTM. Similarly lab experiments such as the research on the primacy and recency effect also provide evidence for two separate stores. Glanzer and Cunitz found that the participants who were asked to remember a list of words could remember the first and last few words, while the middle one were more difficult to remember. This supports that idea that there are two separate stores as the first words were in the LTM, whereas the last words were still in the STM. ...read more.

Conclusion

Similarly, evidence from patients with amnesia indicates that there are different kinds of LTM rather than the LTM being a single store. Schachter suggested there are 4 kinds of long- term stores which are; semantic memory, episodic memory, procedural memory and perceptual- representation system memory. Another criticism of the MSM is that it overemphasises the role of rehearsal in form LTM. According to the MSM, elaborative rehearsal is the only way that information can pass from the STM to LTM. Lockhart and Craik?s study into levels of processing showed that information is more likely to be transferred into LTM if it is process at a semantic rather than acoustic and shallow level. ...read more.

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