• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and evaluate the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology The psychodynamic approach focuses on the dynamics of mind. Sigmund Freud developed an approach on abnormality, that highlighted how human personality and psychosexual development in childhood can cause abnormality. Freud proposed that the human personality is made up of three interacting elements: the id, the ego and the super ego. The id is our unconscious it releases natural pleasure seeking instincts and operates to satisfy these instincts through pleasurable activities. The ego represents our conscious self, it tries to balance the id with moral rules proposed by the superego. The superego is our moral authority this developed through identification of our parents moral rules and the social norms of society. ...read more.

Middle

This made Freud focus on early years as the source of adult disorders. However, this makes Freud's approach deterministic as it overemphasises childhood experiences in relation to an adults psychological disorder. It should also be said that Freud's theory of the id and the defence mechanism cannot be proved. This does not mean that it is wrong but it does leave room for speculation and differing opinions. Freud saw that anxiety in childhood is a result of the ego not being able to cope with the id's demands and the rules of the superego. In order to protect the intra-psychic the ego defence mechanisms help to balance the id and the superego. It could do this through repression this when an individual represses conflict into the unconscious. ...read more.

Conclusion

As an infant would be completely dependent at this stage, the fixated adult may show overdependence in relationships. This approach focuses far to much on the sexual factor of development it makes little suggestion that social factors may also be involved in a child's development. This can be treated through free association this is when the client is asked to talk about anything that comes into there mind. This will then hopefully access the unconscious and conflict may be revealed. A second treatment is dream analysis this is when a client is asked to talk about their dreams in hope that this will reveal repressed ideas. However, these treatments are unfalsifiable as it is not possible to prove them right or wrong. This treatment is also rather unethical as talking about repressed content may bring further distress to the client. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and Evaluate Psychodynamic, Behaviourist and Humanist Theory of Psychology

    4 star(s)

    strengthens the link between stimulus and behavioural response. Skinner (1904-1990) developed radical behaviourism. Skinner concerned himself only with scientific methods and only observable behaviour. Skinner believed that all behaviour is learnt from environmental consequences or operant conditioning. Skinner went on to assert that behaviour is more or less likely depending on the consequences as a result of that behaviour (reward/punishment).

  2. Consider the Problems Faced by Psychologists in the Definition of Abnormality

    are treated in the country they have immigrated to- where they are subjected to financial problems, poor housing, and difficult working conditions. Failure to function adequately works well as a definition of psychological abnormality as the scale is specifically standardised- there is little room for the affect of a person's opinion on the diagnosis.

  1. The Gestalt Approach to Psychology

    The therapist uses various techniques, known as directed experiments, in an attempt to teach participants how to become aware of their problems and solve them by making self-enhancing choices. These can include the empty chair exercise, amplification, dialogue and speaking in the first person.

  2. Outline and Evaluate the Biological, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Explanations of Abnormality

    It is believed that by removing the brain tissue that is causing the psychological abnormality the symptoms and problems will disappear and will not reoccur. Although medical professionals do not understand why electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) works it has been seen to have a high rate of success in treating psychiatric patients.

  1. Describe and evaluate the concepts of abnormal behaviour When we talk about abnormal behaviour ...

    An alternative element of abnormality is: Maladaptiveness; In other words behaviour that prevents a person from adapting to life to the fullest of their ability. There are two different types of maladaptiveness. Firstly, maladaptivness towards your self, .i.e. cutting your self, and secondly, maladaptivness towards society .i.e.

  2. EVALUATE THE MEDICAL MODEL AND THE BEHAVIOURAL MODEL OF ABNORMALITY

    One group saw the adult get punished for the behaviour while another saw the adult rewarded for the behaviour the other group saw the adult have no consequence for the behaviour. The children were then taken to a room identical to the one in the video.

  1. Level 2 Counselling skills. Theories -CBT, Psychodynamic and Person Centred.

    KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THESE THEORIES Psychodynamic Theory ? 1. The therapist is the expert and using their knowledge and skill, they interpret our experiences and behaviour (e.g. dreams) to unveil our unconscious motives, giving us an opportunity to be free of those unconscious controls. 2. Believes there will always be a conflict and compromises between the 3 parts of the personality (the id, ego and super ego)

  2. Research and Evaluate the Psychodynamic Approach to Psychopathology

    This may result in fixation in adulthood, where they regress back to a particular psychosexual stage. Someone with OCD, for instance, may be regressing back to the anal stage. A strength of this approach is that it is the only one that focuses on the cause of abnormality, rather than the symptoms.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work