• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and evaluate the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology The psychodynamic approach focuses on the dynamics of mind. Sigmund Freud developed an approach on abnormality, that highlighted how human personality and psychosexual development in childhood can cause abnormality. Freud proposed that the human personality is made up of three interacting elements: the id, the ego and the super ego. The id is our unconscious it releases natural pleasure seeking instincts and operates to satisfy these instincts through pleasurable activities. The ego represents our conscious self, it tries to balance the id with moral rules proposed by the superego. The superego is our moral authority this developed through identification of our parents moral rules and the social norms of society. ...read more.

Middle

This made Freud focus on early years as the source of adult disorders. However, this makes Freud's approach deterministic as it overemphasises childhood experiences in relation to an adults psychological disorder. It should also be said that Freud's theory of the id and the defence mechanism cannot be proved. This does not mean that it is wrong but it does leave room for speculation and differing opinions. Freud saw that anxiety in childhood is a result of the ego not being able to cope with the id's demands and the rules of the superego. In order to protect the intra-psychic the ego defence mechanisms help to balance the id and the superego. It could do this through repression this when an individual represses conflict into the unconscious. ...read more.

Conclusion

As an infant would be completely dependent at this stage, the fixated adult may show overdependence in relationships. This approach focuses far to much on the sexual factor of development it makes little suggestion that social factors may also be involved in a child's development. This can be treated through free association this is when the client is asked to talk about anything that comes into there mind. This will then hopefully access the unconscious and conflict may be revealed. A second treatment is dream analysis this is when a client is asked to talk about their dreams in hope that this will reveal repressed ideas. However, these treatments are unfalsifiable as it is not possible to prove them right or wrong. This treatment is also rather unethical as talking about repressed content may bring further distress to the client. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and Evaluate Psychodynamic, Behaviourist and Humanist Theory of Psychology

    4 star(s)

    Behaviourists assume that behaviour is learnt from experiences in the environment. The theory then goes on to state that behaviour is learnt through reinforcement or punishment of behaviours meaning that reinforcement (reward) strengthens the link between stimulus and behavioural response.

  2. Consider the Problems Faced by Psychologists in the Definition of Abnormality

    Within cultures there are other variations, due to subcultures. African-Caribbean immigrants in the UK will conform to the wider society norms; however aspects of their culture will be continued.

  1. Outline and Evaluate the Biological, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Explanations of Abnormality

    Being a genetic condition it would also suggest that the illness cannot be recovered from, as it stems from a cellular level involving the individual's DNA. This creates another source of anxiety, as the family and the individual know that they must learn to cope, however they will never properly recover or return to "normal".

  2. Describe and evaluate the concepts of abnormal behaviour When we talk about abnormal behaviour ...

    Both types of behaviour prevent a person from achieving their goals to the best of their ability or simply being the happiest that they can be. Of course there are obviously certain situations were it would be very hard to not show signs of maladaptive behaviour .e.g.

  1. Level 2 Counselling skills. Theories -CBT, Psychodynamic and Person Centred.

    KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THESE THEORIES Psychodynamic Theory ? 1. The therapist is the expert and using their knowledge and skill, they interpret our experiences and behaviour (e.g. dreams) to unveil our unconscious motives, giving us an opportunity to be free of those unconscious controls. 2. Believes there will always be a conflict and compromises between the 3 parts of the personality (the id, ego and super ego)

  2. EVALUATE THE MEDICAL MODEL AND THE BEHAVIOURAL MODEL OF ABNORMALITY

    With positive punishment unfavourable events or outcomes are given in order to weaken the response that follows an example if you stroke a cat in a manner that the cat finds unpleasant, the cat may attempt to bite you therefore the presentation of the cat's bite will act as a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work