• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and Evaluate the Psychodynamic Approach to Psychopathology

Extracts from this document...


Outline and Evaluate the psychodynamic approach to psychopathy The psychodynamic approach believes that mental disorders have psychological, not physical causes and underlying psychological conflicts of which they are unaware. Freud's psychodynamic approach states that mental illnesses are the result of unresolved childhood conflicts. These conflicts occur between the id which is present at birth and seeks immediate gratification by operating with the "pleasure" principle, the ego, which develops after around one year as a consequence of experiencing reality and is therefore rational. Lastly, the superego develops after around 3-6 years and is the sense of right and wrong and strives for the idea behaviour. ...read more.


are used. However, if overused, these defences can cause disturbed behaviour. Early experiences can also cause mental disorders because in childhood, the ego is not developed enough to be able to deal with traumas, such as the death of a parent, leading to a repression of the associated emotions. Later in life, further losses may cause the individual to re-experience this loss which can lead to depression. Unconscious motives may also cause mental disorders because the unconscious mind exerts a powerful effect on behaviour through the influence of previously repressed emotions or trauma. ...read more.


There is also a validity issue with the research because theorists have had to rely largely on case studies. Although they give an in-depth look into a study, they only focus on one person and therefore can not be generalised to others. Gender also needs to be taken into consideration. Freud's theories are undoubtedly sexually unbalanced and even he himself has accepted that his theories are less developed for women. However, his research was conducted in Victorian times when women were not seen as equal to men. Therefore, although at the time of research woman were not seen as important, the results can not be generalised to women. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Physiological Psychology essays

  1. Anxiety Disorders

    In support of this theory, the obsessions and compulsions associated with OCD often have themes which are related to sexuality, aggression, and contamination -- the very thoughts and impulses this circuit controls. In addition, neuroimaging studies in which scientists and doctors to peer into the living brain have confirmed abnormal activity in this brain circuit among people with OCD.

  2. Depression - Gender Differences.

    Social-group processes rely upon the dynamic approach as a means by which to define cultural diversity, as well as address issues that transcend the boundary lines. According to Segall et al (1998), the concept of behavioral therapy for the likes of depression takes into consideration the history of cross-cultural gender

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work