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Outline and evaluate the Psychological explanations for Obesity

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Introduction

Outline and evaluate the Psychological explanations for Obesity The psychological explanations of Obesity aim to explain eating disorders from a psychological point of view. From a psychodynamic perspective obesity is due to unresolved conflicts such as emotional deprivation during the oral stage. In support of this Feliliti (2001) reported on five cases of sleep eating obesity, all had suffered abuse in childhood and their behaviour was explained as an unconscious anxiety reducer. In conclusion it is obvious that there is a correlation between child abuse and sleep-eating behaviour, this behaviour can be described as an anxiety reducer, with eating being the de-stressor and obesity reducing sexual attractiveness. ...read more.

Middle

From a Behaviourists perspective eating behaviour is a learned behaviour, occurring through overeating through, classical conditioning this is when food is naturally associated with pleasure and food cues come to be associated with the pleasure response, operant conditioning this is when food is used as a reinforcer for desirable behaviour and learning theory this is when obesity is caused by observation and imitation of obese role models. In support of this Hardman et al. found that treating obesity by role models encouraging healthy lifestyles led to significant weight loss however Jackson (2008) ...read more.

Conclusion

From a Cognitive explanation obesity is seen as developing through maladaptive thought processes, with information processing having an important focus for food-related stimuli. In support of this Csejesi et al (2007) examined cognitive profiles of obese boys, finding them deficient in attention capabilities, suggesting that childhood obesity involves cognitive deficits. On the contrary Elias (2003) found that early onset, long term obesity leads to a decline in cognitive functioning suggesting that cognitive deficits could be an effect of being obese. Other factors: availability-bigger portion sizes, consumption-fast food cheaper, advertising, changes in society-more women going to work, increase in computer games and television-more advertisements this is because society is believed to have become more dangerous, adults walk less- less exercise. ...read more.

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