• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate two methods of stress management

Extracts from this document...


Outline and evaluate two methods of stress management. One physiological method of treatment is Biofeedback. Physiological methods help people cope with the effects of stress by changing the way the body responds to it. With biofeedback the aim is to teach the client how to relax. The person learns how to regulate the symptoms of stress in real-life stressful situations. There are 4 steps involved. Firstly, the person is attached to a machine that monitors the body's response to stressors and then gives feed back on heart rate and blood pressure etc. The person then learns to control these symptoms and reduce the effect that stress has on the blood pressure etc. They may learn to take deep breaths which slows down the heart rate and makes them feel relaxed. ...read more.


Another advantage would be that it has no side-effects or harmful addictions attached etc. It is also voluntary and not invasive for example in drug treatment withdrawal symptoms may be distressing. Biofeedback can be used for an unlimited time, as it is not addictive in the way that BZ's (for example) can be (as they are only used for a maximum of four weeks to prevent this) so biofeedback is seen as more of a long term cure of stress. However, biofeedback has the drawback of being extremely costly and time consuming. It needs specialist equipment and expert supervision, although attempts have been made to produce a more accessible therapy by using cards - the client would put their thumb on a card and it would measure the stress levels (stressed, tense, normal, calm) ...read more.


They still maintain contact with the therapist so the support and back up is sustained. This method has been shown to work for both short term stressors such as preparing for public speaking, and for long term stressors such as medical illness, stress at work or divorce. However, despite proven effectiveness of such treatments, it can be argued that this type of training would only suit a small band of individuals who are very determined and able to cope with the long term application of this training. Also, the research done into stress inoculation training was done on those who could afford it, like white-collar business men so any results should not be generalised - as this therapy may not be effective for all social groups. Also, it has not yet been applied to other cultures, and procedures are extremely lengthy and costly and require considerable time and effort from both client and therapist. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Like many student essays, this one stops short of the main point. There needs to be a final analysis and evaluation leading to a conclusion: So which is better - biofeedback or stress inoculation? This could be decided by assessing what advantages and disadvantages they share e.g. lack of side effects, no addiction, costly and time consuming, proven effectiveness. These can then be compared with the differences e.g. biological & behavioural vs cognitive approaches, focus on symptoms vs cause of stress etc. Given this, stress inoculation wins because it does address the root cause - the perception of threat, whereas biofeedback just deals with the biological response. Overall then, 3 stars.

Marked by teacher Jo Wilcox 10/04/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Physiological Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Peer Pressure Speech

    3 star(s)

    Usually these crimes are committed without thought or planning, and repeated only occasionally for a period of a few months, until the excitement begins to wear off. For some teenagers shoplifting or stealing cars begins as a bit of fun but it can get out of hand and crime can become a habit.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and Evaluate the Biological Treatments of OCD

    3 star(s)

    Another biological treatment of OCD is chemotherapy or Drug therapy which is currently the most commonly used treatment for OCD as found by Gava (2007).

  1. Peer reviewed

    Outline and evaluate two social psychological explanations for aggression

    5 star(s)

    Bandura hypothesised these claims through a lot of his own research. He proved that if children watch someone else behave aggressively towards a Bobo Doll, they were more likely to be aggressive themselves later on, specifically imitating individual actions they had previously seen.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Compare and contrast two explanations of depression.

    3 star(s)

    (AO2)There are some criticisms of the genetic explanation which include: That there is a considerable amount of evidence to show that genes do have some relationship with the cause/development of depression. However a lot of the evidence comes from that of twin studies where the twins have been reared together

  1. Stress can be explained as the stimulus in the environment that triggers a stress ...

    * People who get angry easily/react more angrily have a higher risk of cardiovascular problems. Commentary Other influences should be taken into consideration, (e.g. participants diet, occupation, vulnerability, exercise levels, smoking & consumption of alcohol). Stress Can Also Affect the Immune System * The immune system is made up of white blood cells & chemicals which destroy bacteria & viruses.

  2. Describe & discuss how each psychological perspective explains smoking using empirical evidence to support ...

    This oral fixation can manifest itself as a need for oral gratification for example smoking, chewing and nail biting. Freud?s approach is one way of looking a smoking behaviour but there is no evidence to confirm that extended breast feeding might not lead to an oral fixation, nor will it contribute to a person developing addictions in later life.

  1. Describe and Evaluate one Physiological and Psychological way to manage stress.

    Advantages of drug treatment are that they work as the study above shows and that they are also easy to use and not as time consuming as many of the other methods available, you simply have to remember to take the pills.

  2. Unit 1 psychology revsion notes (memory, attachment, research methods)

    as many items as can be said in 1.5-2 seconds * Loop has a time limit * Reliable - lab * Lack ecological validity * Longer words are less easily to remember Baddeley and hitch ? STM must have different components * Dual tasks * 1- reasoning task * 2-

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work