• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline & Evaluate Research Into Attachment

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Outline & Evaluate Research Into Attachment (12 Marks) Mary Ainsworth devised her strange situation experiment to see how infants (9-18 months old) reacted under situations of mild stress involving their main care-giver. The experiment consisted of 8 scenarios and each one lasted roughly 3 minutes long, each scenario had a different behaviour assigned (e.g. stranger anxiety). Ainsworth discovered 3 distinct attachment types : secure attachment (infants with a happy relationship with caregiver, comfortable with social interactions and greet the caregiver cheerily on their return), insecure-avoidant attachment (infants who avoid all social interaction, showing no difference upon separation or reunion with the caregiver) ...read more.


From her data, Ainsworth found that roughly 70% of children were of the secure attachment type, 20% were insecure-avoidant, and the remaining 10% insecure-resistant. Ainsworths research shows that there are definitely different types of attachment, and that these can be influenced by the way we are treated by our caregivers. The strange situation is often classed as a rather reliable experiment and was repeated by cassidy in 1985 and they produced similar results, they tested babies at 18 months old and again when they were 6, they found that the children often had the same attachment type at 6 that they did when they were 18 months old, this proves that results from Ainsworths tests can stay consistent over time. ...read more.


Because it was a laboratory experiment, it also lacks ecological validity, Main & Solomon analysed videotapes of the strange situation and identified a fourth attachment type ? insecure-disorganised ? which is powered by fear, on other words, some of the children's actions may have been influenced from fear of this new environment and their attachment figure (their caregiver), which creates a conflict in the childs mind, they want to seek their attachment figure because of fear of the environment, but they also want to avoid their attachment figure due to the fear of them. The insecure-disorganised attachment type was linked to hostile caregiving. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work