• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline & Evaluate the Cognitive Interview

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline & Evaluate the Cognitive Interview The cognitive interview was devised by psychologists in order to eliminate the effects of misleading questions and misleading information. The process consists of first reporting everything the witness can remember, even information they believe to be unimportant. Then the witness is asked to mentally instate their experience, where they mentally use their sense to recall information. After this the witness is asked to change the order in which they recall the event, for example going backwards, and finally the witness is asked to change the perspective from which they recall the data, telling the officer the situation from above or as an onlooker. ...read more.

Middle

Also, Stein & Memon found that the cognitive interview is effective because people remember more when given cues. They made Brazilian female cleaners watch a video of an abduction, and then used the cognitive interview & standard interview to gain eyewitness reports, finding those who were in the cognitive interview condition not only recalled more, but were accurate in the information recalled. Despite this, this research can be criticised for lacking mundane realism. Previous research has found that arousal (anxiety) affects recall of eyewitness testimony, so by using videos the participants are not emotionally involved, therefore these results lack ecological validity and are not easily generalised. ...read more.

Conclusion

The process is now turned into more than one procedure, which means that it becomes time-consuming. Due to this many police officers do not use all of the stages of the cognitive interview, reducing its effectiveness. This was shown by Kebbell and Wagstaff, who found that in real life police use the strategy, but limit the amount of information collected to only what they feel is necessary. This neglects the purpose of the interview, as it does not help with consistency of the eyewitness account. Overall, the cognitive interview could possibly improve on the standard interview if used correctly. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

This is a very good response. It is clearly structured, clearly written and express its idea about usefulness of the Cognitive Interview excellently. There is a good understanding of the concept of the Cognitive Interview and why it was developed, ...

Read full review

Response to the question

This is a very good response. It is clearly structured, clearly written and express its idea about usefulness of the Cognitive Interview excellently. There is a good understanding of the concept of the Cognitive Interview and why it was developed, however, a quick mention of the buzz words (the candidate describe these four main components well, but some exam boards may expect candidate to apply all appropriate terminology. These four main components are Interview Similarity (asking the witness to re-imagine, using their senses, the original crime scene); Focused Retrieval (the interview must not interrupt the witness); Extensive Retrieval (imagining the crime scene from the perspective of someone stood outside the incident); and Witness-compatible Questioning (tailoring questions to suit the witness, i.e. - a child, an autistic adult, etc.).

Another thing I would have liked to have seen are the two cognitive concepts upon which the Cognitive Interview was developed. As this lies within knowledge and understanding (AO1) and not critical evaluation (AO2), candidate are expected to show evidence that they know this. These two theories are that the mind is linked by many different pathways, hence there is more than one way to access the same piece of information. The other is that if the context of the crime is successfully reinstated (sights, smells, sounds witness at the time and place of the original crime) then accuracy of retrieval will be maximised. These simple buzz words ,ay seem irrelevant, but they would improve the answer to maximum marks.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis here is, as always with psychology essays, prescriptive, but very effective. The candidate makes a balanced argument both supporting and refuting the effectivity of the Cognitive Interview (quite a challenge seeing as it is unequivocally an unrivalled method of interview). There are studies and valid empirical evidence cited where possible and these help fortify the analysis and discussion, as it shows studies have been researched and will substantially uphold the ideas candidate's critique.

Quality of writing

The Quality of Written Communication is flawless. Great care has been taken to ensure the information presented in this essay is presented clearly and precisely. The candidate utilises a number of psychology-orientated terminology (bar a few) and applies them correctly. From an English perspective, there is no concern to voice about the quality of grammar, spelling or punctuation.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by sydneyhopcroft 09/08/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To retain recall, which is more beneficial, rote rehearsal or imagery?

    4 star(s)

    Which resulted after a considerable amount of training (300 hrs). The subject eventually achieved a span of eighty-two. Managing to recall back a list of eighty-two numbers in the correct order. (Roth, 1990, p 616). The case study that supports elaboration is that of Bower (1972)

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Psychology Revision Notes - list of major experiments

    3 star(s)

    independence Main and western - found that children behaved differently depending on which parent they were with Hazan and shaver - investigated a hypothesis into whether attachment types had an impact on later relationships. They used the 'love quiz' in a newspaper.

  1. Critically assess Piaget's theory of cognitive development

    These are the enactive mode, similar to Piaget's sensorimotor stage, where knowledge is acquired through actions; the iconic mode where knowledge is acquired from likenesses and images; and the symbolic mode, which allows children to store information by way of symbols and language.

  2. Memory: Rote Rehearsal and Mental Imagery.

    Any differences will be down to chance alone. Design To prove this theory, 20 volunteers were asked to learn 20 word pairs. These were nouns consisting of 20 pairs of unrelated words. The word pairs were split into two groups, those words to be learnt by imagery and those words to be learnt by rite rehearsal (See appendix 1).

  1. Evaluate 3 Approaches to treating Mental Disorders: Psychodynamic, Biological and Behavioural Approach.

    The analyst typically is a blank screen, disclosing very little about themselves in order that the client can use the space in the relationship to work on their unconscious without interference from outside. Freud believed that this showed associations between thoughts that are caused by unconscious forces.

  2. Outline and evaluate the cognitive interview.

    Research with police forces has also supported the superiority of CI. In Brazil, research testing the effectiveness of the CI has shown that it produces more forensically rich information than the SI. A major advantage of the CI is that it allows much more information to be recalled by elderly witnesses.

  1. Describe and Evaluate Research by E.Loftus into Eye Witness Testimony, the implications of the ...

    When these two pieces of information were integrated, the participant has a memory of an accident that was more severe than it actually was. Since broken glass relates to a bigger accident, the participant is more likely to think that broken glass was present.

  2. Explain how the cognitive interview differs from the standard interview and assess the effectiveness ...

    higher than in the standard method this study shows ecological validity as it was tested on real witnesses. Kebbel et al. (1999) carried out a survey of UK police officers that identified a widespread use of CIT, and that it was found to be useful, even though some officers were

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work