• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the multi-store model of memory and consider its strengths and limitations

Extracts from this document...


Outline the multi-store model of memory and consider its strengths and limitations (18marks) The multi store model of memory is an explanation of the flow of information through a series of stages. Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) believed that memory involved three different stores. These being sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory. They believed that to transfer information into the short-term memory it needs to be attended to (attention is focused on the information in sensory memory) and to transfer information from short-term memory into long-term memory the information needs to be rehearsed. Atkinson and Shiffrin found that when information passes through these stores it can be lost by forgetting. ...read more.


however he is unable to remember how long it was since he last saw his wife this suggests it is his short-term memory he is having problems with. The primacy and recency effect also support the fact that there is a clear distinction between short-term memory and long-term memory. Another good point to make about the model would be that it was a good starting point and generated a lot of research towards the theories of memory. Brain scanning also supports the theory that there are two separate stores of memory (short term and long term) it supports this by showing that when an individual works on a task in short term memory the prefrontal cortex is active however when working on a task in long term memory the hippocampus is active. ...read more.


This model is also criticised for being too focused on structure and doesn't focus enough on the process. The model suggests that there is only one form of long-term memory, however research suggests that there are different forms of long-term memory such as semantic, episodic and procedural memory. In conclusion to the multi store model of memory although I think that it was a good starting point and that it got other psychologists to ethicise and focus on memory, other models do a better job of explaining memory. This model is very simple and could have developed into a more complex and detailed model. I think all the limitations of this model are relevant and stand out. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

A reasonable balanced argument on both sides to evaluate the Multi Store Model. Develop the points mentioned and proofread.

Marked by teacher Stephanie Porras 04/04/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I am going to contrast and compare three approaches in psychology ...

    4 star(s)

    Client-centred therapy, also known as counselling, helps a person make freewill choices to make them closer to the person they want to be as long as the therapist displays genuine warmth, shows empathy, and provide accurate insight into the client's life.

  2. Critically assess Piaget's theory of cognitive development

    They no longer need to be able to physically see an example of an action or problem; instead they are able to manipulate the ideas in their heads to reach the correct conclusion. They are also able to grasp hypothetical situations and problems that they may never have encountered before and will tackle problems systematically (Hill, 2001, pp 37).

  1. Investigate into the Primacy and Recency effect

    This tail indicates that words presented at the end of a list of to-be-remembered items are better remembered than words presented in the middle of this list. It is called the recency effect because these items were the ones presented most recently to the subject in the memory experiment.

  2. An experiment to investigate the effect of interference on memory recall

    Charts: Chart 1 Chart 2 Chart 3 Chart 4 Chart 5 Chart 6 Mode Condition A - Without Interference 6, 4, 2, 9, 5, 5, 7, 5, 6, 3 The mode for 'without interference' is 5. Condition B - With Interference 5, 3, 7, 6, 4, 5, 5, 8, 3, 5 The mode for 'with interference' is 5.

  1. Recall in Memory Using Mnemonics

    A field setting will be used as this decreases bias. In addition, the participants feel much more relaxed in their natural environment then in a laboratory. An Independent Measures design will be chosen as it avoids order and practice effects.

  2. Outline and evaluate the Multi Store Model of memory

    There has been a lot of laboratory evidence that has supported the main ideas proposed by the MSM. For example, digit span studies have consistently shown the duration of the STM to be 7+/-2 items. Peterson & Peterson consonant trigrams experiments have provided evidence that the duration of STM is no longer than 30 seconds.

  1. 'Organisation in Memory'.

    PB7; Statistical significance The level of statistical significance I will use is P<0.05. PB8; Identification of ethical considerations One ethical consideration is that it could be seen that I am deceiving the participants by not telling them whether the word list is organised or disorganised.

  2. Ivan Pavlov and the Theory of Classical Conditioning

    This is ?an immediate involuntary stereotyped response to [the] stimulus? (Reflex, 2010, para. 1) that comes about when the dog sees or smells the chickens (US). The conditioned stimulus (CS) is the tainted chicken meat that ?comes to elicit a particular response? (Conditioned stimulus, 2010, para.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work