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Outline two explanations of interpersonal attraction (e.g. matching hypothesis, evolutionary explanations) (12 marks). Evaluate one of the explanations you have outlined.

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Outline two explanations of interpersonal attraction (e.g. matching hypothesis, evolutionary explanations) (12 marks). Evaluate one of the explanations you have outlined. There are two explanations to interpersonal attraction, one being personal characteristics and Evolutionary explanations. Personal characteristics consists of psychical attractiveness and personality. Physical attractiveness may effect initial attraction through a positive stereotype, so if someone is physically attractive, we see other positive characteristics in them as well, for example they are perceived as sexually warmer and sociable toward others. Another factor of personal characteristics is personality, this means being attracted to someone's personality trait, and how you act around that person people, whether you have things in common such a lifestyle similarities etc. ...read more.


Most people agree on who is attractive in terms of mate selection, the evolutionary psychologist argue that this is because we have inherited a preference for reasons to do with survival of our genes. Evolutionary explanations consist of the evolutionary significant characteristics, this means the trait that make a person attractive to the opposite sex. Men seek signs of reproductive values, so this relates to age and health status, this is indicated through a woman's skin, teeth and all over physical appearance. The same applies for women, woman should be attracted to males who have characteristics that indicate social and economic advanages. They also look for males that will be protected and provided for (vaulable resources etc) ...read more.


The sign of pregnancy is an enlarged waist, this means as females age and as a result of pregnant, abdominal muscles stretch and there waist measurements increase, and also a waist measurements of over 32' indicate a risk of cardiovascular disease, which would be perceived as a woman with poor health so males are less likely to be attracted. Other related research was conducted by Cunningham (1986), he tested interpersonal attraction on beauty. He asked men to rate photographs of women and his findings were supported across cultures by Langlios and Roggman (1990). His research concluded that attractive features in woman were large eyes, high cheekbones, small nose and a big smile. ...read more.

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