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Peer interactions and bulling

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Introduction

Peer interactions and bulling. Children's individual socialization with their peer groups has been seen as an important role in the development process, mainly in developing relationships outside the family environment, and a greater understanding of social justice. This development can be effected by the kind of attachments they develop and interaction with peers. One of the factors that can effect the peer development of children is bulling, as it will affect how they interact and who they make attachments with. Peers play an important part in helping a child to understand and develop their own self image as will has having a large effect on their self esteem. The child will often rate their own behaviours by their peers, usually by social comparisons. It has been shown that children will in elementary school increase their social comparison, which will effect the way in which they perceive their own values and abilities. (Harter et al., 1990) Having acceptance for a child is very important as it is one of their first interactions. ...read more.

Middle

Yates and Smith (1989) suggest that 5-10% of all children are bullied and that their or four main types of bullies to consider. The first is the physical bully, is action orientated usually hitting, kicking and taking and damaging property. It is also suggested that the older the child is the more likely that the acts will become more aggressive in nature. The second type of bulling is the verbal bullies who will often humiliate the person in the victim role by teasing are making racist comments and so forth. The third kind of bully is the relational bully who will carry out actions to try and convince peers to exclude people form that social connection. The fourth and final king of bully is the reactive victim, who usually taunts bullies and will be victims themselves. There reactions are physical and impulsive, been able to react quickly to both interntional and unintentional physical situations. Ken Righy (2003) carried out a review on the clinical implications of Childs involvement in bulling, and found that both the victim and the bully were at risk form poor psychological health. ...read more.

Conclusion

One of the other factors that has to be considered is that bulling may be a good thing, as suggested in a national survey carried out in Australia were 38,000 people replayed to a questionnaire on bulling, and it found that most of the people had not been bullied, and though how were bullied often said that being bullied made them a stronger, tougher more resilient children. By studying children's interactions with peer and the effects of bullying on children we can see that it plays a large influence on the Childs behaviour and development. Often the conflicts in early childhood and social play an important part of the Childs understanding and improving the Childs social interchanges effectively (Brown and Brownell 1990). This early socialations plays an important role in the social behaviour of children in later life. Refreence. Bee H, (1998) Lifespan development, 2nd edition, Harlow; Longman. Hetherington E.M and Park R.D (1998) Child phycology A comtemporary viewpoint 5th editition, Bosten Mc Graw Hill. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, In review. Page 583, C.J. Psychiatry, vol 48, Oct 2003 ?? ?? ?? ?? Melanie Pickthall Summer school: Children's development Page 1 ...read more.

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