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PERCEPTIONS ON COUNSELLING

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Introduction

PERCEPTIONS ON COUNSELLING "People who have had counselling will be less influenced by external factors than those who haven't" RESEARCH PROJECT CONTENTS Page CONTENTS....................................................................................1 RATIONALE....................................................................................2 INTRODUCTION...............................................................................2 1. Identify and describe a range of research methods METHODOLOGY.............................................................................3 Primary data.......................................................................................... 4 Secondary data................................................................................4 Qualitative research..........................................................................5 Quantitative research........................................................................6 Questionnaires :...............................................................................6 Sampling :...................................................................................... 7 Interviews: ...................................................................................7-8 Observations : .................................................................................9 Literature: .................................................................................... 10 Case Study: ................................................................................. 11 Survey :........................................................................................11 2. Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of research methods Validity: ........................................................................................12 Reliability: .....................................................................................13 Relevance: ....................................................................................13 Bias ETHICAL AND VALUE ISSUES:.........................................................14 Confidentiality: ................................................ ...............................14 Artificiality: .........................................................................................14 Choice in participation: ....................................................................15 3. Evaluate the research methods using a piece of research in counselling Brief dynamic counselling: making the right choice.................................15 The Implications for counselling practice: .............................................16 CONCLUSION............................................................................17-19 BIBLIOGRAPHY..............................................................................20 APPENDIX Questionnaires Data from Research Questionnaires - Graph Research evaluation: Brief dynamic counselling: making the right choice RATIONALE With the increasing of crime, anti-social behaviour, parenting classes, terrorism, trauma, divorce and child abductions, it seems to me that society and government are recognising the impact and value of counselling in supporting the community and its mental well-being. The rapid expansion of supportive services suggests there are not nearly enough to go around. "The growth of interest in counselling in general has led to more people approaching therapy services...." (Richards.1999 pg.286) However, being a practicing counsellor and student in this area, I questioned the perception of how individuals perceived counselling, and if this perception held a bearing on who took up the service or not. During discussions about counselling the following statements were made: * Counselling is synonymous with having a problem * Counselling is expensive * Counselling does not met the needs of minority groups * Counselling does not address gender identity (more women than men) * Counselling is carried out by untrained busy-bodies or social workers Having heard this I decided to base my micro-research on "Perceptions on Counselling" looking at what a small range of individuals understand about undertaking counselling. ...read more.

Middle

Direct Observation - Direct observation are totally different from participant observations in a number of ways. Firstly, a direct observer doesn't typically try to become a participant in the context. However, the direct observer does strive to be as unnoticeable as possible as not to bias the observations. Secondly, direct observation suggests a more detached perspective. The researcher watches rather than takes part. Direct observation can also be achieved by videotape the subject or observing from behind one-way mirrors. Thirdly, direct observation tends to be more focused than participant observation. The researcher is observing certain sampled situations or people rather than trying to become involved in the entire context. Finally, direct observations may not to take as long as participant observation. When undertaking observations, it is important to consider how the information you collect will be analysed. Also, will the information gathered really answer your research questions? Our social lives are extremely complex and careful selection of what to look at is needed in order to give the most useful and informative data. Literature: Journal articles: These are useful for current and up-to-date information although that it can take up to two years to for an article to be publish. They are often used in literature reviews because they offer a concise, format for research, in addition all reputable journals are refereed (i.e. editors publish only the most relevant and reliable research). Books: Books on research have a tendency of going out of date quickly, plus it takes longer for a book to be published than for a journal article. Text books can be limiting as they are intended for teaching, not for research, however they do offer a good starting point from which to find more detailed sources. Conference proceedings: A less used resource amongst the others but can be useful in providing the latest research, or research to be published. It is also helpful in providing information on where people are currently involved in which research areas, and so can be helpful in tracking down other work by the same researchers. ...read more.

Conclusion

This perception is reinforced as stated: "... Even though some private therapists operate a 'sliding scale' of fees, there are very many people for whom even a 'low cost' of fees, there are very many people for whom even 'low cost' would be impossible to afford"...(Richards.1999 pg.297) The reason for counselling also influenced the decision to undertake counselling although there is not enough evidence that this is an external factor. With the various types of counselling available and the outcome stating many do not see counselling as a last resort, this indicates it is an internal factor to whether counselling is sort. With regards to external factors, 'race' of the counsellor was not deemed to be an issue; however the 'gender' of the counsellor scored much higher. Considering there was a higher percentage of female participants than males this in itself may not be a fair indication or reliable resource. In summary this is what I have learnt from this experiment. What have I learnt from conducting this investigation? * The need for a clearer hypothesis in the beginning. * The importance of clarity in the questions * Give more options than yes or no as an answer What problems / difficulties did I have? * Some difficulties analysing data when questions were not completed * Knowing how to choose information and select relevant questions. What did I do wrong or, if I were to do a similar investigation, what changes would I make? * I would reconsider the way the questionnaires were composed * I would consider as wider selection of questions * Giving more thought to the a wider selection of the community * Give more thought to relevance of some questions and the lack of clarity in others * Make more comparisons with other similar subjects * Give more considerations to the relevance of questions * Use all the information / data received (data on gender and age not used) * Consider other methods such as case studies, interviews. ...read more.

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