• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23
  24. 24
    24
  25. 25
    25
  26. 26
    26
  27. 27
    27
  28. 28
    28
  29. 29
    29
  30. 30
    30
  31. 31
    31
  32. 32
    32

Physiological Arousal and its Effects on Females interpretations of physical attractiveness

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Aim: I aim to find out if males aged over 18 are affected by physiological arousal when rating a randomly selected group of females, aged 18 to 25. Procedure: * Get 2 boards of pictures, each with 6 pictures of males of varied attractiveness * Get 20 females volunteers, aged 16 and over * Randomly allocate to 2 groups * Take pulse rate for 30 seconds * Group 1 rate board one, group 2 rate board 2 * Do an hour's worth of physical exercise, in a Physical Education class * As soon as finished, Group 2 rate board one, group 1 rate board two * Take pulse rate for 30 seconds Findings: Nearly all of the average ratings for each picture went down after physical exercise. Conclusion: Any change was due to chance, therefore accept H0 "Effect of Vitamin Injections on Visual Skills" by Schachter and Singer (1962) In 1962, Schachter and Singer conducted a study using misattribution of arousal. In this experiment, participants were told that the experimenters were researching the "effect of vitamin injections on visual skills" and gave participants an injection of either adrenaline or saline (saline being used on the control group). Participants who received the shot of adrenaline were either informed about the side effects of the injection, or not informed, and then all participants were exposed to either a happy or an angry confederate. Schachter and Singer hypothesized that participants would express the same emotion as the confederates. As a result, they found that the participants who received the adrenaline shot but were not informed about getting it were more likely to express the same emotional state as the confederate they were exposed to. Their findings show that because the people were aroused by adrenaline, but had no explanation or label for it, they attributed their arousal to a feeling that they saw another person expressing. ...read more.

Middle

In order to accomplish this aim I am going to: * Get 2 boards of pictures, each with 6 pictures of males of varied attractiveness * Get 20 females volunteers, aged 16 and over * Randomly allocate to 2 groups * Take pulse rate for 30 seconds * Group 1 rate board one, group 2 rate board 2 * Do an hour's worth of physical exercise, in a Physical Education class * As soon as finished, Group 2 rate board one, group 1 rate board two * Take pulse rate for 30 seconds H1: When asked to rate pictures of males for physical attractiveness, female students aged 16 and above, will rate males significantly more highly, on a likert scale of one to ten (ten being the most attractive), when in a state of higher rather than lower physiological arousal brought about by 30 minutes of physical exercise. H0: When females, aged 16 and above, are asked to rate pictures of males for physical attractiveness, on a likert scale of one to ten (ten being the most attractive), there will be no significant difference between ratings when in a state of higher rather than a lower physiological arousal brought about by 30 minutes of physical exercise. Any difference is due to chance. My H1 hypothesis is an experimental hypothesis. This means I am using experimental research methods and am changing an independent variable. It is a directional hypothesis. (EXPLAIN THIS) - * Field experiment with repeated measures * DESIGN * 12 pictures of males were found on a social networking site, www.hotornot.com, used for rating pictures of others and meeting people. o All the pictures are face shots * Six of the pictures were randomly selected for board one * The other six pictures were stuck onto board two * 18 females students volunteered to participate in the experiment. o They were all from a Year 11 Physical Education class * Students were asked to sign a consent form, as well as their teachers, to say that they agreed to participation in the study. ...read more.

Conclusion

1 4 8 7 6 5 4 6 4 2 0 1 3 4 3.72 2.78 1.67 2.11 2.06 7.00 BEFORE T U W X Y Z 3 4 0 2 1 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 2 2 1 3 6 5 4 3 2 2 5 1 3 4 1 2 3 1 2 2 2 1 3 2 1 3 1 1 5 1 2 2 2 1 5 1 2 4 1 1 3 0 1 1 0 2 3 0 1 3 2 1 3 0 1 1 0 1 3 0 6 7 2 3 6 2 6 7 1 3 5 2 4 2 2 1 8 1 7 2 0 9 8 10 8 7 7 1 2 0 3 3 0 2.22 4.56 1.83 3.44 3.44 1.83 AFTER T U W X Y Z 3 10 4 2 9 1 1 6 1 3 4 1 1 3 2 5 5 1 2 10 2 5 2 3 2 4 2 4 4 2 2 4 1 1 1 1 1 6 1 4 3 2 2 5 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 4 3 1 1 4 1 2 2 1 2 8 1 2 5 1 3 8 2 6 7 2 2 8 4 2 3 2 2 5 1 3 4 1 2 8 2 2 4 2 1 9 1 5 1 1 4 6 2 3 5 4 2 6 2 4 3 4 2 3 1 3 2 2 2.06 6.44 1.78 3.39 3.78 1.83 Picture Before After Sign A 6.39 3.72 + B 4.28 2.78 + C 1.56 1.67 - D 2.78 2.11 + E 3.22 2.06 + F 7.83 7.00 + T 2.22 2.06 + U 4.56 6.44 - W 1.83 1.78 + X 3.44 3.39 + Y 3.44 3.78 - Z 1.83 1.83 N=11 X=3 ?? ?? ?? ?? Psychology Coursework 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. To investigate if there is higher tendency for males to conform more than females.

    either go with the group norm and say the wrong answer or be independent and go with the obvious right answer. Results from Ashes experiment showed that when tested individually without group influence, 95% of the naïve participants gave the correct answer.

  2. An Investigation to see whether the halo effect is present when rating personality ...

    Another extraneous variable is that of skin colour/ethnicity. Skin colour could highly affect the ratings given by participants as they may be prejudice towards someone who is a different skin colour to themselves. Also participants may find that different skin colours are more attractive due to each individuals perception of

  1. The matching hypothesis

    This is because on wedding days the bride is especially groomed to look her best- and so usually looks much better than that in everyday life. This is, a confounding variable, as she is perceived to look more attractive than she actually is.

  2. Genetics and environment: inseparable when discussing criminality.

    Given the ambiguities in the evidence, the most prudent summation of research in this area is that maternal prenatal smoking may affect longer-term behavioural development, but considerable uncertainty still exists about the origins of the relationship" (Fergusson, David 1999). In this discussion one can not put aside exclusive environmental factors

  1. Matching Hypothesis

    but this is not statistically relevant. These results are not in relationship with previous research in this area as there is no statistically relevant correlation and the hypothesis is incorrect according to results. For example Goffman's research suggested that people are more likely to form long term relationships if they

  2. Psychology Questions Ansewered

    The NGRI's had less activity in their prefrontal and parietal areas and more activities in their occipital areas, and no difference in their temporal areas. The amygdala differences support theories which suggest violence is due to unusual emotional responses such as lack of fear, generally generated by activity in the amygdala.

  1. Psychology Phobias Coursework

    However, this was overcome by using the statistical tests to make sure the correlations were highly significant. Participants: The researchers used an opportunity sample of the population of Barnet College. This was used as it takes little time, and therefore would not cost a lot of money.

  2. The Matching Hypothesis

    up we selected one male and then one female, thus creating a random couple. We done this until all the pictures were finished and were left with 10 randomly created couples from the 20 single males and females. These couples were then lettered K to T (see Appendix IV).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work