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Physiological Arousal and its Effects on Females interpretations of physical attractiveness

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Aim: I aim to find out if males aged over 18 are affected by physiological arousal when rating a randomly selected group of females, aged 18 to 25. Procedure: * Get 2 boards of pictures, each with 6 pictures of males of varied attractiveness * Get 20 females volunteers, aged 16 and over * Randomly allocate to 2 groups * Take pulse rate for 30 seconds * Group 1 rate board one, group 2 rate board 2 * Do an hour's worth of physical exercise, in a Physical Education class * As soon as finished, Group 2 rate board one, group 1 rate board two * Take pulse rate for 30 seconds Findings: Nearly all of the average ratings for each picture went down after physical exercise. Conclusion: Any change was due to chance, therefore accept H0 "Effect of Vitamin Injections on Visual Skills" by Schachter and Singer (1962) In 1962, Schachter and Singer conducted a study using misattribution of arousal. In this experiment, participants were told that the experimenters were researching the "effect of vitamin injections on visual skills" and gave participants an injection of either adrenaline or saline (saline being used on the control group). Participants who received the shot of adrenaline were either informed about the side effects of the injection, or not informed, and then all participants were exposed to either a happy or an angry confederate. Schachter and Singer hypothesized that participants would express the same emotion as the confederates. As a result, they found that the participants who received the adrenaline shot but were not informed about getting it were more likely to express the same emotional state as the confederate they were exposed to. Their findings show that because the people were aroused by adrenaline, but had no explanation or label for it, they attributed their arousal to a feeling that they saw another person expressing. ...read more.

Middle

In order to accomplish this aim I am going to: * Get 2 boards of pictures, each with 6 pictures of males of varied attractiveness * Get 20 females volunteers, aged 16 and over * Randomly allocate to 2 groups * Take pulse rate for 30 seconds * Group 1 rate board one, group 2 rate board 2 * Do an hour's worth of physical exercise, in a Physical Education class * As soon as finished, Group 2 rate board one, group 1 rate board two * Take pulse rate for 30 seconds H1: When asked to rate pictures of males for physical attractiveness, female students aged 16 and above, will rate males significantly more highly, on a likert scale of one to ten (ten being the most attractive), when in a state of higher rather than lower physiological arousal brought about by 30 minutes of physical exercise. H0: When females, aged 16 and above, are asked to rate pictures of males for physical attractiveness, on a likert scale of one to ten (ten being the most attractive), there will be no significant difference between ratings when in a state of higher rather than a lower physiological arousal brought about by 30 minutes of physical exercise. Any difference is due to chance. My H1 hypothesis is an experimental hypothesis. This means I am using experimental research methods and am changing an independent variable. It is a directional hypothesis. (EXPLAIN THIS) - * Field experiment with repeated measures * DESIGN * 12 pictures of males were found on a social networking site, www.hotornot.com, used for rating pictures of others and meeting people. o All the pictures are face shots * Six of the pictures were randomly selected for board one * The other six pictures were stuck onto board two * 18 females students volunteered to participate in the experiment. o They were all from a Year 11 Physical Education class * Students were asked to sign a consent form, as well as their teachers, to say that they agreed to participation in the study. ...read more.

Conclusion

1 4 8 7 6 5 4 6 4 2 0 1 3 4 3.72 2.78 1.67 2.11 2.06 7.00 BEFORE T U W X Y Z 3 4 0 2 1 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 2 2 1 3 6 5 4 3 2 2 5 1 3 4 1 2 3 1 2 2 2 1 3 2 1 3 1 1 5 1 2 2 2 1 5 1 2 4 1 1 3 0 1 1 0 2 3 0 1 3 2 1 3 0 1 1 0 1 3 0 6 7 2 3 6 2 6 7 1 3 5 2 4 2 2 1 8 1 7 2 0 9 8 10 8 7 7 1 2 0 3 3 0 2.22 4.56 1.83 3.44 3.44 1.83 AFTER T U W X Y Z 3 10 4 2 9 1 1 6 1 3 4 1 1 3 2 5 5 1 2 10 2 5 2 3 2 4 2 4 4 2 2 4 1 1 1 1 1 6 1 4 3 2 2 5 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 4 3 1 1 4 1 2 2 1 2 8 1 2 5 1 3 8 2 6 7 2 2 8 4 2 3 2 2 5 1 3 4 1 2 8 2 2 4 2 1 9 1 5 1 1 4 6 2 3 5 4 2 6 2 4 3 4 2 3 1 3 2 2 2.06 6.44 1.78 3.39 3.78 1.83 Picture Before After Sign A 6.39 3.72 + B 4.28 2.78 + C 1.56 1.67 - D 2.78 2.11 + E 3.22 2.06 + F 7.83 7.00 + T 2.22 2.06 + U 4.56 6.44 - W 1.83 1.78 + X 3.44 3.39 + Y 3.44 3.78 - Z 1.83 1.83 N=11 X=3 ?? ?? ?? ?? Psychology Coursework 1 ...read more.

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