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Outline and Evaluate the biological model to Abnormality.

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  • Essay length: 599 words
  • Submitted: 03/04/2012
  • Reviewed by: (?) sydneyhopcroft
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AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences

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The first 200 words of this essay...

Aleksander Filipczak

Outline and Evaluate the biological model to Abnormality.

The biological approach sees mental disorders being caused by abnormal physiological processes in the body. Therefore, any abnormality must have specific causes that happen in some bodily malfunction or genetic factors etc. For this model, the cure is to remove such the root cause, thus returning the body's status to "normal". This model is called the biological or medical model, due to the reason that it approaches mental illness diagnosis with a similarity to that of physical illnesses. Due to the model being very scientific in nature of investigation and understanding the psychological illness, it is most widely accepted model to psychological abnormality around the world.

The biological model states, that all mental disorders are related to some change in the body, such as brain damage, genes, infection or biochemistry. Many abnormalities with the brain might occur due to genetic inheritance, which means that the abnormality was passed down from parent to child. A way of investigating this is by studying pairs of identical twins. They can be compared to each other (due to identical genetic structure) , and therefore see, that if abnormality

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Review of essay

Reviewed by: sydneyhopcroft

Rating: 5 star(s)

Response to the question

This essay is excellent. It provides a great level of detail in it's discussion of the biological model for identifying and treating abnormalities, and shows an in-depth understanding of the assumptions of the biological and scientific approaches to psychology, with specific reference to treating brain deficiencies. The answer focuses consistently on how the biological approach says abnormalities should be approached and how they can be observed using objective scientific methods, and the candidate also cites a number of biologically-orientated studies as empirical evidence for their discussion, forming a cohesive essay with strong factual groundings.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis is not measured here, but AO1 (knowledge and understanding) is. The candidate demonstrates abilities of a very competent A grade candidate, and for the most-part their answer is perfect. Only minor issues can be found (e.g. writing "CNS" in non-abbreviated terms for those who are unfamiliar with the technology). Other than that, as stated before this candidate forms and excellent essay that touches on psychological studies as empirical evidence well. All assumptions about the approach are accurate and the knowledge about it's practises and beliefs are too. An excellent essay.

Quality of writing

The Quality of Written Communication is also excellent. The information given, though complex, is easily digested because of clear and precise description about the biological approach and it's ideologies pertaining to human abnormalities. There is a good use of technical psychological terminology and these will help the the examiner get the impression of a confident individual comfortable with analysis that uses the language of the professional. There is no cause for concern with regards to spelling, grammar or punctuation.

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