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'Policies are developed with the needs and interests of specific individuals and groups in mind' Using examples from the course, discuss how different kinds of policies affect the lives of children and families in the UK today.

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Introduction

'Policies are developed with the needs and interests of specific individuals and groups in mind' Using examples from the course, discuss how different kinds of policies affect the lives of children and families in the UK today. In this essay I aim to look at how different kinds of policies affect the lives of children and their families. This essay will show an understanding of the main ideas that have underpinned some of the more recent policies we see today. A policy can be defined as a set of actions or a program of goals on different issues such as children or the elderly adopted by a governing body that are a way of translating legislation into practice and services provided that control or enable society. Much of social policy is concerned with families and family life. It is clear that policies affect us all either directly or indirectly and although it is essential that there are different policies for children and adults or their families it is important to remember that it is essentially the parents that raise the child and therefore any policy aimed directly at the needs of children is likely to affect the family as well. ...read more.

Middle

initiatives are aimed at older children and young adults through youth and employment schemes there have also been schemes funded which aim to eradicate issues such as violence and bullying surrounding younger children. Policies developed at national or regional level are largely influenced by the attitudes adopted by the particular government. Policy making styles often differ between countries due to conceptual problems i.e. due to the fact the definition of family policy is so unclear and vague; views on family change and the social problems that accompany them are experienced and perceived in different ways, leading to different policy responses. Consequently this has led to strong differences among countries in terms of the government's level of intervention and support to families and children. While some governments have opted for explicitly interventionalist policies aimed at encouraging fertility and promoting a traditional family structure, others have opted for a less interventionalist approach. Gauthier who analyzed family policy has devised a fourfold typology of approaches to family policy (topic 4) The first being pro-family/ pro-natalist approach whose major concern is low fertility and because of this the main task of family policy is to encourage families to have children. In this approach high levels of support are provided for maternity leave and childcare facilities. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Laming Report stressed that there was a need for children's services to work together. Both the media and the Laming Report were influences in new policies directed at the protection of children. These policies focused on effective communication enabling multiple agencies to work collaboratively with the emphasis on prevention and empowerment of children allowing them to have a say in the policies that affect them directly. Almost every action that the state takes has an impact on families and family life either directly or indirectly. Different Governments still adopt different approaches to policy making. Labour Government has placed emphasis on good parenting, and initiatives such as Sure Start which aims to enable better education, health and childcare and the New Deal scheme which aims to help parents back to work have been introduced. Labour has emphasized on the expectations of the parents with new legislation allowing local authorities to fine parents whose children persistently truant. Policies have also been directed at eradicating child poverty and social exclusion. WORD COUNT - 1489 REFRENCES A chapter in the K204 Course Reader: Sandy Ruxton, (2001) Towards a 'Children's Policy' for the European Union? In Foley, P, Roche, J. and Tucker, S (eds) Children in Society: Contemporary Theory, Policy and Practice, Basingstoke, Palgrave. K204 Course Team (2001) Children and Policy, Topic Four. ?? ?? ?? ?? Shryl Smith P.I- X1555880 Course - K204 Assignment No. T.M.A 02 1 ...read more.

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