• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Policies are developed with the needs and interests of specific individuals and groups in mind' Using examples from the course, discuss how different kinds of policies affect the lives of children and families in the UK today.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Policies are developed with the needs and interests of specific individuals and groups in mind' Using examples from the course, discuss how different kinds of policies affect the lives of children and families in the UK today. In this essay I aim to look at how different kinds of policies affect the lives of children and their families. This essay will show an understanding of the main ideas that have underpinned some of the more recent policies we see today. A policy can be defined as a set of actions or a program of goals on different issues such as children or the elderly adopted by a governing body that are a way of translating legislation into practice and services provided that control or enable society. Much of social policy is concerned with families and family life. It is clear that policies affect us all either directly or indirectly and although it is essential that there are different policies for children and adults or their families it is important to remember that it is essentially the parents that raise the child and therefore any policy aimed directly at the needs of children is likely to affect the family as well. ...read more.

Middle

initiatives are aimed at older children and young adults through youth and employment schemes there have also been schemes funded which aim to eradicate issues such as violence and bullying surrounding younger children. Policies developed at national or regional level are largely influenced by the attitudes adopted by the particular government. Policy making styles often differ between countries due to conceptual problems i.e. due to the fact the definition of family policy is so unclear and vague; views on family change and the social problems that accompany them are experienced and perceived in different ways, leading to different policy responses. Consequently this has led to strong differences among countries in terms of the government's level of intervention and support to families and children. While some governments have opted for explicitly interventionalist policies aimed at encouraging fertility and promoting a traditional family structure, others have opted for a less interventionalist approach. Gauthier who analyzed family policy has devised a fourfold typology of approaches to family policy (topic 4) The first being pro-family/ pro-natalist approach whose major concern is low fertility and because of this the main task of family policy is to encourage families to have children. In this approach high levels of support are provided for maternity leave and childcare facilities. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Laming Report stressed that there was a need for children's services to work together. Both the media and the Laming Report were influences in new policies directed at the protection of children. These policies focused on effective communication enabling multiple agencies to work collaboratively with the emphasis on prevention and empowerment of children allowing them to have a say in the policies that affect them directly. Almost every action that the state takes has an impact on families and family life either directly or indirectly. Different Governments still adopt different approaches to policy making. Labour Government has placed emphasis on good parenting, and initiatives such as Sure Start which aims to enable better education, health and childcare and the New Deal scheme which aims to help parents back to work have been introduced. Labour has emphasized on the expectations of the parents with new legislation allowing local authorities to fine parents whose children persistently truant. Policies have also been directed at eradicating child poverty and social exclusion. WORD COUNT - 1489 REFRENCES A chapter in the K204 Course Reader: Sandy Ruxton, (2001) Towards a 'Children's Policy' for the European Union? In Foley, P, Roche, J. and Tucker, S (eds) Children in Society: Contemporary Theory, Policy and Practice, Basingstoke, Palgrave. K204 Course Team (2001) Children and Policy, Topic Four. ?? ?? ?? ?? Shryl Smith P.I- X1555880 Course - K204 Assignment No. T.M.A 02 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Child Labour.

    When families don't have enough money the children are to go to work, which then results in parents without work or adults with work and the wages stay low or go down (Parker 48). Sometimes families migrate from place to place in search of employment and the children do not

  2. In Britain today, most people live in nuclear families - The aim of this ...

    called Jo Ann Farver her view is "the pregnancy-themed Happy Family dolls complement children's strong interests in family relationships, supports their social and emotional development." The Happy Family sets promote the stereotypical nuclear family. The parents are married and they have two children.

  1. Explain and discuss autism in the context of differing perspectives, policies and practices.

    are the two main strategies. Some schools may only provide one strategy, although this may not be effective as an autistic child may respond more to one strategy than another, or they may prefer a combination of strategies. Children with autism can improve their hand skills, speech and sensory problems through occupational therapy.

  2. Attachment and Separation.

    "as if" manner to resort to more efficient predictions as to the positions of the astral bodies, a fundamental issue for kings, princes and popes in the wars they were engaged in. Examples abound in the history of science: Lavoisier, Darwin, Freud, and now Bowlby.

  1. A research project to look if bullying is spiralling out of control

    One day before the interview she rang me as she had to cancel and we rearranged the date. Again the day before the next interview she rang me up to cancel. We could not both find a date to re arrange it so therefore we had to cancel it altogether.

  2. c hallenging a client to change

    swap the objects to the other hands then you would just do the reverse for each arm, this is what we do with your issue, you have already described the weightiness of the first object you held and you can now feel the opposite of the tissue, though you feel

  1. What causes crime?

    Also it indicates that neurotic behaviour is caused by parents giving unconditional love. This causes individuals to seek approval from others and neglect their own self-actualisation. This is a modern approach that relates very well with society, especially as it helps to treat addiction and depression that are becoming more and more popular in today's society.

  2. Education for citizenship is important because every society needs people to contribute effectively, in ...

    depending on the nature of learning difficulties most children will be able to communicate choices. They should be encouraged to be aware of the views and needs of others and to take more responsibility for themselves and to take an active part in the school community.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work