• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychological explanations of schizophrenia

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Psychological explanations of schizophrenia Freud believed that schizophrenia was the result of 2 related processes, regression of the pre ego state, attempts to re-establish control of the ego. If the world of a schizophrenic is harsh e.g. the had cold and uncaring parents they may regress a stage of development before ego was properly formed. And before they develop a realistic awareness of external world, thus leads them to an infantile state. AO2, No empirical evidence to support this, except psychoanalysis Support comes from Reichmann et al, who described schizophrenic mothers as uncaring, dominant, and stated that theses mothers behave rather differently Behavioural explanation Symptoms of schizophrenic ...read more.

Middle

Support comes from roder who found that social skills training helps schizos gain social skills, as they were able to interact with wider community. Cognitive Suggest a diathesis relationship as further features of the disorder appear as individuals try to understand them, when the schizo first hears voices they turn to others to validate this., when others fail to validate this they believe they are hiding from the truth, and reject further feedback leading them to develop delusional beliefs. AO2 Much evidence for cognitive deficits associated with schizos Meyer et al found a link between the symptoms of schizo and reduced activity in prefrontal, thus their brains behave abnormally. ...read more.

Conclusion

can lead to schizo is cause and effect therefore maybe affected by others factors not considered Another criticism is that, many psychologists believe it is misunderstood, and suggest that schizo is a mental illness which can lead to loss, thus can lead to stress, therefore it creates large amounts of controversy. Family relationships A01 Children who receive contradictory messages are likely to develop schizo e.g. if their mothers voice and body language implies different meanings, this will cause confusion in child, hence due to conflicting messages. This will be applied to surroundings and child will face confusion over surroundings in the long term lead to delusional beliefs, schizo. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences essays

  1. Discuss Psychological Explanations of Schizophrenia

    Also, psychological explanations do not tell us everything we need to know about the disorder because they are reductionist. This is because it only focuses on psychological explanations, eliminating possible biological explanations. Such explanations are a simplistic view of human behaviour, and of an extremely complex disorder.

  2. Outline and Evaluate the Biological, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Explanations of Abnormality

    Some studies have been able to link traumatic experiences in childhood with psychological disorders in later life; however this only suggests a link with the psychodynamic theory- it does not prove nor disprove it. One such study was carried out by Wonderlich et al.

  1. Do pre information affect impression formation

    Researcher bias was also reduced by giving instructions to the participants and having 2 moderators including me to oversee the test which reduced levels of investigator effects. I also made sure that the confounding variables were reduced so that the results for the experiment do not vary.

  2. The contents of this essay will explain different psychological approaches to health and social ...

    2012) Cognitive-behavioural coping skills treatment is a short-term, focused therapeutic approach to aiding individuals with alcoholism become abstinent by using the same learning processes that individuals utilise to develop alcohol and drug dependence initially. (About.com, 2012) Self-actualisation is a vital concept underlying client-centred therapy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work